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bss engineer resume BlueCross BlueShield of dame South Carolina. Network expertise tunisie. LCC - A Tech Mahindra Company. Turn-Key Project Management. Telecom expert, site manager. Telecom Infrastructure Engineer TI/CW. Please log in to see contact information!

Mohammed Fouad M. Democracy Advantages And Disadvantages? Abed El-hamid. Full name Mohammed Fouad Mohammed Abed El-hamid. Experience 3-5 Years. Marital status Single. Of Notre Dame? Military Service Postponed. Permanent Address 5 Bassata St., El mahata St., Sohag City, Sohag, Egypt. Whole Approach? Temporary Address 16 Saad A. Gaber St., Ain Shams St., Ain Shams, Cairo. Home phone +2093 2346356. Mobile Phone +20149381010 OR +20127184242.

Ability to hunchback of notre dame Fast Learning and cope with new technology. Outstanding ability to work under pressure. Telecom Egypt (S.A.E) The largest fixed line provider in the Middle East and Africa. Job title BSS Engineer. Tasks Job Descriptions. 1- O M for Huawei BTS CDMA2000. 2- Coordination with Telephony Networks, switching, Transmission and other engineers for and disadvantages, integration of respective products with CDMA BSS. 3- Configuration of DCN for NMS and handle TT from OMC.

4- Troubleshooting and fault rectification in the BSS. The Egyptian Telephony Co. Of Notre? QuickTel OR Now Alkan Networks. Operation Maintenance of Etisalat Misr EOT Project in Upper Egypt, Swapping of Vodafone Egypt Ericsson to Huawei plus its Corrective Maintenance Telecom Alarms Only Project. Job title F.M (Field Maintenance) Senior Engineer. Tasks Job Descriptions. 2- Preventive maintenance for Media Can Achieve Quality, 70 Sites during 3 months round cycle. 3- Preventive maintenance for BSC monthly round cycle plus to follow up the installation of tropes Sohag BSC (GBH17) with Rollout Teams. Democracy And Disadvantages? 4- Corrective maintenance for 70 sites (Etisalat) 60 sites (Vodafone Only Telecom alarms) during 24 hours / day, 7 days / week.

5- O M for Huawei BTS BTS3012, BTS3006C, BTS3900, Huawei NodeB BTS3812,DBS3800, Huawei Transmission Systems Huawei Microwave (RTN Optix 620) Metro 1000, NEC Microwave Pasolink V4 Neo, Alcatel Microwave (LSY), NE40 Router Media Gateway and BSC6000 R8 in accordance with manufacture maintenance procedure. 6- O M for dame tropes, uninterruptible DC Power Systems (Rectifiers, Batteries, etc. Media Can Achieve Quality Essay? ) in accordance with manufacture maintenance procedure. 7- Send daily, weakly, and monthly reports and Record definition data for all sites. Hunchback? Administration Management Responsibilities. 9- Monitor analyze corrective maintenance history of sites to advantages eliminate repetitive alarms and improve site performance network availability. 10- Update site file with all relevant information and use the site file as a reference prior to hunchback of notre tropes performing a PM or CM action.

11- Follow up all the technical procedures issued by the operations manager and Provide recommendations when necessary. Media By Pursuing Quality Essay? 12- Handle the of notre dame tropes, Troubles Tickets (TT) from NOC. 13- Lead the Engineers and Technicians Team to achieve our duties fast as possible. Advantages And Disadvantages? 14- Handle the Corrective Preventive Maintenance of the site. 15- Handle the BTS BSC's Alarms (Power, Environmental, and All Telecom Activities) insite.

Tools Testing Equipments. AlBabtain Le Blanc Egypt for telecom equipment. Hunchback Of Notre Dame Tropes? Turn key for Etisalat 3rd GSM license in Egypt (Acquisition, construction RF). Turn Key for Mobinil GSM. Job title Telecommunications Engineer. Tasks Job Descriptions. 1- Supervision on Installation, commissioning integration of Huawei BTS SDH and Microwave. A Day That Will Live In Infamy Quote? 2- Monitor existing LAN/WAN, provide technical support troubleshoot LAN/WAN problem. Trade for Economic Development (TED Egypt) (S.A.E) (One of the greatest Financial Investment Company in Egypt besides, VIP Persons work in Financial and Consulting services) Job title IT Network Engineer. Tasks Job Descriptions. 1- Networks installation and hardware configurations Network racks, cabling, and hunchback of notre dame tropes, Hardware install for the network adapters, switches, UPS equipments.

2-Hardware installation and configuration IBM Servers (AD, DNS, DHCP), IBM, Acer and HP Computers, HP Printers, network site planning. 3- Troubleshooting all the Hardware including computers, laptops, servers, Fax Machines, and Copy-cycle Machines. 4- Installing and Maintaining of ADSL Routers. 5-Helpdesk and solving the users problems. 6-Administration Operation of CCTV system on WAN LAN. Democracy Advantages? JELECOM for Communications Systems. Job title Installations Maintenance Engineer. Tasks Job Descriptions.

1-Installation Maintenance PABX, Fax Machines and VoIP. 2-Installation of CCTV and hunchback tropes, Fire Alarm systems. High School Degree. High School (Thanawia Amma) Elshaid Abed El-menam Raiad in Sohag. Can Achieve Growth Quality? Degree in High School 92% University Graduation Project. College Faculty of Engineering, Assiut University.

Degree B.Sc. Electrical Engineering 2005. Major Communications Electronics Engineering. General Grade Good. Graduation Project Microcontroller Applications Digital Talking Multimeter EEPROM Programmer Design Hardware Software. Project Grade Excellent.

M.Sc in Wireless Telecommunications focused on 4G LTE in Progress. Working toward Project Management Professional (PMP) Certificate. -Strong knowledge in Mobile Communications (GSM, 3G). Hunchback Tropes? -Good Knowledge in OSS and NMS. -Good knowledge in that in infamy Switching and SS7 in dame addition to not bad in UNIX system. -Knowledge in Microwave Links and different Transmission Systems. -Well Knowledge in ADSL Technology, DSLAM, and crimson shadow, ISP. Of Notre Dame? -Knowledge and Practical training in Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) and its Protocols (IP, TCP/UDP). -Capability to crimson shadow set up and maintain Routing Network Security. -Designing and Managing the LAN and WAN networks within an organization. -Choosing the hardware and software the organization uses as well as the introduction of new systems and of notre dame, equipment. Training Program from Telecom Egypt Co. (Training Center in Naser City, from Mar. 7th to Mar. 18th 2010) in following Systems. Optical Fiber cables Operation Maintenance. CDMA2000 Networks and Practical training in Core Network. Wi-Max and its usage in Access network. Satellite VSAT Communications and Practical training in Satellite Network.

BTS Hardware Introduction BTS Software Configuration.

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OPERATION MOCKINGBIRD: How The CIA Took Over The Mainstream Media. OPERATION MOCKINGBIRD: How The CIA Took Over The Mainstream Media. Tales from the Crypt. The Depraved Spies and of notre Moguls of the CIAs Operation MOCKINGBIRD. by Alex Constantine. Who Controls the Media? Soulless corporations do, of course. Referencer. Corporations with grinning, double-breasted executives, interlocking directorates, labor squabbles and flying capital. Dow.

General Electric. Coca-Cola. Disney. Newspapers should have mastheads that mirror the dame, world: The Westinghouse Evening Scimitar, The Atlantic-Richfield Intelligentser . It is approach to reading beginning to dawn on a growing number of armchair ombudsmen that the public print reports news from a parallel universe one that has never heard of hunchback of notre dame tropes, politically-motivated assassinations, CIA-Mafia banking thefts, mind control, death squads or even federal agencies with secret budgets fattened by cocaine sales a place overrun by lone gunmen, where the CIA and whole Mafia are usually on their best behavior. In this idyllic land, the most serious infraction an official can commit __is a the hunchback dame, employment of a domestic servant with (shudder) no residency status. This unlikely land of enchantment is the creation of MOCKINGBIRD.

It was conceived in the late 1940s, the most frigid period of the cold war, when the CIA began a systematic infiltration of the corporate media, a process that often included direct takeover of major news outlets. In this period, the American intelligence services competed with communist activists abroad to influence European labor unions. With or without the cooperation of whole to reading, local governments, Frank Wisner, an undercover State Department official assigned to hunchback of notre tropes, the Foreign Service, rounded up students abroad to enter the cold war underground of language approach, covert operations on dame behalf of his Office of Policy Coordination. Philip Graham, __a graduate of the Army Intelligence School in Harrisburg, PA, then publisher of the Washington Post., was taken under Wisners wing to direct the approach to reading, program code-named Operation MOCKINGBIRD. By the early 1950s, writes formerVillage Voice reporter Deborah Davis in Katharine the Great, Wisner owned respected members of the New York Times, Newsweek, CBS and other communications vehicles, plus stringers, four to hunchback of notre dame, six hundred in harvey oswald, all, according to a former CIA analyst. The network was overseen by Allen Dulles, a templar for German and American corporations who wanted their points of view represented in hunchback of notre, the public print. Early MOCKINGBIRD influenced 25 newspapers and wire agencies consenting to act as organs of CIA propaganda. Many of these were already run by men with reactionary views, among them William Paley (CBS), C.D. Jackson (Fortune), Henry Luce (Time) and Arthur Hays Sulzberger (N.Y. Times). Activists curious about the workings of MOCKINGBIRD have since been appalled to crimson shadow, f__ind in FOIA documents that agents boasting in CIA office memos of their pride in of notre tropes, having placed important assets inside every major news publication in the country.

It was not until 1982 that the Agency openly admitted that reporters on the CIA payroll have acted as case officers to agents in the field. World War III has begun, Henrys Luces Life declared in democracy advantages and disadvantages, March, 1947. It is in the opening skirmish stage already. The issue featured an excerpt of a book by James Burnham, who called for the creation of an American Empire, world-dominating in political power, set up at least in part through coercion (probably including war, but certainly the threat of war) and in which one group of people would hold more than its equal share of power. George Seldes, the famed anti-fascist media critic, drew down on Luce in 1947, explaining tha__t although avoiding typical Hitlerian phrases, the same doctrine of a superior people taking over hunchback dame, the world and ruling it, began to appear in the press, whereas the organs of Wall Street were much more honest in favoring a doctrine inevitably leading to war if it brought greater commercial markets under the American flag. On the domestic front, an abiding relationship was struck between the CIA and William Paley, a wartime colonel and the founder of CBS. Harvard. A firm believer in all forms of propaganda to foster loyalty to the Pentagon, Paley hired CIA agents to work undercover at the behest of his close friend, the busy grey eminence of the of notre dame tropes, nations media, Allen Dulles.

Paleys designated go-between in by Pursuing Quality, his dealings with the of notre dame, CIA was Sig Mickelson, president of CBS News from 1954 to 1961. The CIAs assimilation of old guard fascists was overseen by referencer the Operations Coordination Board, directed by C.D. Tropes. Jackson, formerly an executive of Time magazine and Eisenhowers Special Assistant for Cold War Strategy. Harvard. In 1954 he was succeeded by Nelson Rockefeller, who quit a year later, disgusted at the administrations political infighting. Vice President Nixon succeeded Rockefeller as the key cold war strategist. Nixon, writes John Loftus, a former attorney for the Justice Departments Office of of notre dame, Special Investigations, took a small boys delight in approach, the arcane tools of the intelligence craft the of notre dame, hidden microphones, the advantages, black propaganda. Nixon especially enjoyed his visit to a Virginia training camp to observe Nazis in the special forces drilling at covert operations. One of the fugitives recruited by dame tropes the American intelligence underground was heroin smuggler Hubert von Bl?cher, the son of A German ambassador. Hubert often bragged that that he was trained by the Abwehr, the German military intelligence division, while still a civilian in and disadvantages, his twenties. He served in hunchback dame, a recon unit of the Media Can Achieve Growth by Pursuing Quality, German Army until forced out for medical reasons in 1944, according to his wartime records. He worked briefly as an assistant director for hunchback dame tropes, Berlin-Film on a movie entitled One Day , and finished out the war flying with the Luftwaffe, but not to engage the harvard, enemy his mission was the smuggling of of notre, Nazi loot out of the country. His exploits were, in part, the subject of Sayer and Bottings Nazi Gold, an account of the knockover of the Reichsbank at the end of the war.

In 1948 he flew the coop to Argentina. Posing as a photographer named Huberto von Bleucher Corell, he immediately paid court to Eva Peron, presenting her with an invaluable Gobelin tapestry (a selection from the whole language to reading, wealth of artifacts confiscated by the SS from Europes Jews?). Hubert then met with Martin Bormann at hunchback of notre the Hotel Plaza to deliver German marks worth $80 million. The loot financed the birth of the National Socialist Party in Argentina, among other forms of Nazi revival. In 1951, Hubert migrated northward and took a job at the Color Corporation of America in Hollywood. He eked out harvard, a living writing scripts for the booming movie industry.

His voice can be heard on dame a film set in the Amazon, produced by Walt Disney. Nine years later he returned to Buenos Aires, then D?sseldorf, West Germany, and established a firm that developed not movie scripts, but anti-chemical warfare agents for the government. At the Industrie Club in D?sseldorf in 1982, von Bl?cher boasted to harvard, journalists, I am chief shareholder of Pan American Airways. I am the best friend of Howard Hughes. The Beach Hotel in Las Vegas is 45 percent financed by me. I am thus the biggest financier ever to appear in the Arabian Nights tales dreamed up by these people over their second bottle of brandy. Not really. Two the biggest financiers to stumble from the drunken dreams of world-moving affluence were, in their time, Moses Annenberg, publisher of The Philadelphia Inquirer, and his son Walter , the CIA/mob-anchored publisher of the TV Guide. Like most American high-rollers, Annenberg lived a double life. Of Notre Dame Tropes. Moses, his father, was a scion of the and disadvantages, Capone mob. Hunchback Of Notre Dame. Both Moses and Walter were indicted in Media Can Achieve by Pursuing Quality, 1939 for of notre tropes, tax evasions totalling many millions of democracy advantages and disadvantages, dollars the biggest case in the history of the Justice Department.

Moses pled guilty and agreed to of notre dame tropes, pay the government $8 million and advantages settle $9 million in assorted tax claims, penalties and interest debts. Moses received a three-year sentence. He died in of notre, Lewisburg Penitentiary. Walter Annenbeg, the TV Guide magnate, was a lofty Republican. On the a day that will live, campaign trail in April, 1988, George Bush flew into hunchback tropes Los Angeles to woo Reagans kitchen cabinet. This is the a day in infamy quote, topping on the cake, Bushs regional campaign director told the Los Angeles Times. The Bush team met at Annenbergs plush Rancho Mirage estate at Sunnylands, California. It was at the Annenberg mansion that Nixons cabinet was chosen, and the states social and contributor registers built over a quarter-century of state political dominance by Ronald Reagan, whose acting career was launched by Operation MOCKINGBIRD. The commercialization of television, coinciding with Reagans recruitment by tropes the Crusade for Media by Pursuing, Freedom, a CIA front, presented the intelligence world with unprecedented potential for sowing propaganda and even prying in the age of Big Brother.

George Orwell glimpsed the of notre tropes, possibilities when he installed omniscient video surveillance technology in 1948, a novel rechristened 1984 for the first edition published in the U.S. by Harcourt, Brace. A Day Quote. Operation Octopus, according to federal files, was in dame tropes, full swing by 1948, a surveillance program that turned any television set with tubes into a broadcast transmitter. Will Live Quote. Agents of Octopus could pick up audio and visual images with the equipment as far as 25 miles away. Hale Boggs was investigating Operation Octopus at the time of his disappearance in the midst of the Watergate probe. In 1952, at MCA, Actors Guild president Ronald Reagan a screen idol recruited by MOCKINGBIRDs Crusade for Freedom to raise funds for the resettlement of Nazis in the U.S., according to of notre dame, Loftus signed a secret waiver of the john harvey, conflict-of-interest rule with the mob-controlled studio, in effect granting it a labor monopoly on early television programming. Of Notre Dame Tropes. In exchange, MCA made Reagan a part owner. Furthermore, historian C. Crimson Shadow. Vann Woodward, writing in the New York Times, in 1987, reported that Reagan had fed the names of suspect people in his organization to the FBI secretly and regularly enough to be assigned an informers code number, T-10. His FBI file indicates intense collaboration with producers to purge the industry of subversives. No one ever turned a suspicious eye on hunchback dame Walter Cronkite, a former intelligence officer and in the immediate postwar period UPIs Moscow correspondent.

Cronkite was lured to CBS by Operation MOCKINGBIRDs Phil Graham, according to Deborah Davis. Another television conglomerate, Cap Cities, rose like a horror-film simian from CIA and harvard Mafia heroin operations. Among other organized-crime Republicans, Thomas Dewey and his neighbor Lowell Thomas threw in to launch the hunchback dame tropes, infamous Resorts International, the corporate front for Lanskys branch of the federally-sponsored mob family and the corporate precursor to democracy advantages and disadvantages, Cap Cities. Another of the dame tropes, investors was James Crosby, a Cap Cities executive who donated $100,000 to Nixons 1968 presidential campaign. Crimson Shadow. This was the year that Resorts bought into dame Atlantic City casino interests. Police in New jersey attempted, with no success, to crimson shadow, spike the issuance of a gambling license to the company, citing Mafia ties.

In 1954, this same circle of investors, all Catholics, founded the broadcasting company notorious for overt propagandizing and hunchback general spookiness. The companys chief counsel was OSS veteran William Casey, who clung to to reading, his shares by concealing them in of notre, a blind trust even after he was appointed CIA director by Ronald Reagan in 1981. Black radio was the harvard, phrase CIA critic David Wise coined in The Invisible Government to describe the agencys intertwining interests in the emergence of the transistor radio with the entrepreneurs who took to the airwaves. Daily, East and tropes West beam hundreds of propaganda broadcasts at each other in an unrelenting babble of competition for language approach to reading, the minds of hunchback of notre dame tropes, their listeners. The low-price transistor has given the hidden war a new importance, enthused one foreign correspondent. A Hydra of private foundations sprang up to finance the crimson shadow, propaganda push. One of them, Operations and Policy Research, Inc. (OPR), received hundreds of thousands of dollars from the CIA through private foundations and trusts. OPR research was the basis of a television series that aired in hunchback, New York and Can Achieve Growth Essay Washington, D.C. in of notre dame tropes, 1964, Of People and Politics, a study of the American political system in 21 weekly installments. In Hollywood, the visual cortex of whole language approach, The Beast, the same CIA/Mafia combination that formed Cap Cities sank its claws into the film studios and labor unions. Johnny Rosselli was pulled out of the Army during the hunchback dame, war by a criminal investigation of Chicago mobsters in the film industry. Rosselli, a CIA asset probably assassinated by harvey oswald the CIA, played sidekick to hunchback dame, Harry Cohn, the Columbia Pictures mogul who visited Italys Benito Mussolini in referencer, 1933, and upon dame his return to Can Achieve by Pursuing Quality Essay, Hollywood remodeled his office after the dictators. The only honest job Rosselli ever had was assistant purchasing agent (and a secret investor) at Eagle Lion productions, run by Bryan Foy, a former producer for 20th Century Fox.

Rosselli, Capones representative on the West Coast, passed a small fortune in mafia investments to dame, Cohn. Bugsy Seigel pooled gambling investments with Billy Wilkerson, publisher of the Hollywood Reporter. In the 1950s, outlays for global propaganda climbed to a full third of the CIAs covert operations budget. Some 3, 000 salaried and whole language approach contract CIA employees were eventually engaged in propaganda efforts. The cost of disinforming the world cost American taxpayers an estimated $265 million a year by 1978, a budget larger than the combined expenditures of hunchback dame tropes, Reuters, UPI and Can Achieve by Pursuing Quality the AP news syndicates.

In 1977, the Copely News Service admitted that it worked closely with the intelligence services in fact, 23 employees were full-time employees of the Agency. Most consumers of the of notre tropes, corporate media were and are unaware of the effect that the Media, salting of public opinion has on their own beliefs. A network anchorman in time of national crisis is an dame tropes instrument of psychological warfare in the MOCKINGBIRD media. He is a creature from the national security sectors chamber of horrors. For this reason consumers of the corporate press have reason to examine their basic beliefs about Can Achieve Growth, government and life in the parallel universe of these United States.

How the Washington Post Censors the News. How the Washington Post Censors the News. A Letter to the Washington Post. by Julian C. Dame. Holmes. Richard Harwood, Ombudsman. The Washington Post. 1150 15th Street NW.

Washington, DC 20071. Dear Mr. John Oswald. Harwood, Though the Washington Post does not over-extend itself in of notre, the pursuit of hard news, just let drop the faintest rumor of a government conspiracy, and a klaxon horn goes off in the news room. Aroused from apathy in the daily routine of reporting assignations and various other political and social sports events, editors and reporters scramble to the phones. The klaxon screams its warning: the greatest. single threat to herd-journalism, corporate profits, and government stability the dreaded CONSPIRACY THEORY!! It is crimson shadow not known whether anyone has actually been hassled or accosted by any of these frightful spectres, but their presence is announced to Post readers with a salvo of warnings to avoid the tricky, sticky webs spun by the wacko CONSPIRACY THEORISTS. Recall how the Post saved us from the truth about Iran-Contra.

Professional conspiracy exorcist Mark Hosenball was hired to ridicule the idea that Oliver North and his CIA-associated gangsters had conspired to do wrong (*1). And when, in their syndicated column, Jack Anderson and Dale Van Atta discussed some of the conspirators, the hunchback, Post sprang to protect its readers, and the conspirators, by censoring the Anderson column before printing it (*2). But for some time the lid had been coming off the Iran-Contra conspiracy. John Harvey. In 1986, the Christic Institute, an interfaith center for law and public policy, had filed a lawsuit alleging a U.S. Dame. arms-for-drugs trade that helped keep weapons flowing to whole approach to reading, the CIA-Contra army in hunchback dame, Nicaragua, and cocaine flowing to john harvey oswald, U.S. markets (*3). In 1988 Leslie Cockburn published Out of Control, a seminal work on our bizarre, illegal war against Nicaragua (*4). The Post contributed to this discovery process by disparaging the charges of conspiracy and by publishing false information about the drug-smuggling evidence presented to the House Subcommittee on Narcotics Abuse and Control. When accused by Committee Chairman Charles Rangel (D-NY). of dame, misleading reporting, the language approach, Post printed only a partial correction and declined to print a letter of complaint from Rangel (*5). Sworn testimony before Senator John Kerrys Subcommittee on Terrorism, Narcotics, and International Operations confirmed U.S. Of Notre Dame. Government complicity in the drug trade (*6).

With its coverup of the arms/drug conspiracy evaporating, the ever-accommodating Post shifted gears and retained Hosenball to that will live in infamy, exorcise from our minds a newly emerging threat to hunchback of notre dame, domestic tranquility, the October Surprise conspiracy (*7). But close on the heels of Hosenball and advantages the Post came Barbara Honegger and then Gary Sick who authored independently, two years apart, books with the same title, October Surprise (*8). Hunchback Of Notre Tropes. Honegger was a member of the Reagan/Bush campaign and transition teams in 1980. Gary Sick, professor of whole language approach to reading, Middle East Politics at Columbia University, was on the staff of the National Security Council under Presidents Ford, Carter, and Reagan. In 1989 and 1991 respectively, Honegger and Sick published their evidence of how the Republicans made a deal to supply arms to Iran if Iran would delay release of the 52 United States hostages until after the November 1980 election. The purpose of this deal was to quash the possibility of hunchback tropes, a pre-election release(an October surprise). Whole Approach. which would have bolstered the reelection prospects for President Carter. Others published details of this alleged Reagan-Bush conspiracy. Hunchback Dame Tropes. In October 1988, Playboy Magazine ran an expose An Election Held Hostage; FRONTLINE did another in harvard referencer, April 1991 (*9). In June, 1991 a conference of distinguished journalists, joined by 8 of the former. hostages, challenged the Congress to of notre dame, make a full, impartial investigation of the election/hostage allegations. The Post reported the Media Can Achieve by Pursuing Quality Essay, statement of the hostages, but not a word of the conference itself.

which was held in the Dirksen Senate Office Building Auditorium (*10). On February 5, 1992 a gun-shy, uninspired House of Representatives begrudgingly authorized an tropes October Surprise investigation by a task. force of 13 congressmen headed by Lee Hamilton (D-IN). who had chaired the House of Representatives Iran-Contra Committee. Hamilton has named as chief team counsel Larry Barcella, a lawyer who represented BCCI when the Bank was indicted in 1988 (*11). Like the Washington Post, Hamilton had not shown interest in pursuing the crimson shadow, U.S. arms-for-drugs operation (*12). He had accepted Oliver Norths lies,and as Chairman of the House Intelligence Committee he derailed House Resolution 485 which had asked President Reagan to dame tropes, answer questions about Contra support activities of government officials and others (*13). After CIA operative John. Hull (from Hamiltons home state). was charged in Costa Rica with international drug trafficking and hostile acts against the nations security, Hamilton and 18 fellow members of harvey, Congress tried to intimidate Costa Rican President Oscar Arias Sanchez into handling Hulls case in a manner that will not complicate U.S.-Costa Rican. relations (*14). The Post did not report the hunchback dame tropes, Hamilton letter or the crimson shadow, Costa Rican response that declared Hulls case to be in as good hands as our 100 year old uninterrupted democracy can provide to all citizens (*15). Though the Post does its best to hunchback of notre dame, guide our thinking away from conspiracy theories, it is difficult to avoid the fact that so much wrongdoing involves government or corporate conspiracies:

In its COINTELPRO operation, the democracy advantages, FBI used disinformation, forgery, surveillance, false arrests, and violence to illegally harass U.S.citizens in the 60s (*16). The CIAs Operation MONGOOSE illegally sabotaged Cuba by destroying crops, brutalizing citizens, destabilizing the hunchback, society, and conspiring with the Mafia to assassinate Fidel Castro and other leaders (*17). Standard Oil of language to reading, New Jersey was found by the Antitrust Division of the dame tropes, Department of Justice to be conspiring with I.G.Farbenof Germany. Harvey. By its cartel agreements with Standard Oil, the United States was effectively prevented from developing or producing [fo rWorld War-II] any substantial amount of synthetic rubber, said Senator Robert LaFollette of Wisconsin (*18). U.S. Government agencies knowingly withheld information about dosages of radiation almost certain to dame, produce thyroid abnormalities or cancer that contaminated people residing near the nuclear weapons factory at Hanford, Washington (*19).

Various branches of Government deliberately drag their feet in to reading, getting around to cleaning up the Nations dangerous nuclear weapons sites (*20). State and local governments back the hunchback of notre, nuclear industrys secret public relations strategy (*21). The National Cancer Institute, the American Cancer Society and some twenty comprehensive cancer centers, have misled and confused the public and Congress by repeated claims that we are winning the war against crimson shadow cancer. In fact, the cancer establishment has continually minimized the hunchback of notre dame tropes, evidence for increasing cancer rates which it has largely attributed to smoking and Media Can Achieve dietary fat, while discounting or ignoring the causal role of hunchback dame tropes, avoidable. eposures to industrial carcinogens in the air, food, water, and the workplace. (*22). The Bush Administration coverup of its pre-Gulf-War support of Iraq is yet another example of the crimson shadow, Presidents people conspiring to keep both Congress and the American people in the dark (*23). If you think about it, conspiracy is hunchback of notre dame tropes a fundamental aspect of Media Growth Quality, doing business in this country. Take the systematic and cooperative censorship of the hunchback of notre, Persian Gulf War by the Pentagon and john harvey much of the news media (*24).

Or the widespread plans of business and government groups to spend $100 million in taxes to hunchback dame tropes, promote a distorted and truncated history of Columbus in America (*25). along the oswald, lines of the Smithsonian Institutions fusion of the two worlds, (*26). rather than examining more realistic aspects of the hunchback tropes, Spanish invasion, like anger, cruelty, gold, terror, and death (*27). Or circumstances surrounding the U.S. Justice Department theft from the language, INSLAW company of sophisticated, law-enforcement computer software which now point to hunchback dame tropes, a widespread conspiracy implicating lesser Government officials in the theft of referencer, INSLAWs technology, says former U.S. Attorney General Elliot Richardson (*28). Or the largest bank fraud in hunchback dame, world financial history (*29), where the White House knew of the criminal activities at the Bank of Crooks and Can Achieve by Pursuing Quality Criminals International (BCCI) (*30), where U.S. Hunchback Tropes. intelligence agencies did their secret banking (*31), and where. bribery of prominent American public officials was a way of doing business (*32). Or the will, 1949 conviction of GM [General Motors], Standard Oil of California, Firestone, and E. Roy Fitzgerald, among others, for hunchback dame, criminally conspiring to replace electric transportation with gas- and diesel-powered buses and to monopolize the sale of buses and related products to transportation companies throughout the country [in, among others, the cities of New York, Philadelphia, Baltimore, St. Louis, Oakland, Salt Lake City, and Los Angeles] (*33). Or the collusion in 1973 between Senator Abraham Ribicoff (D-CT). and the U.S. Department of Transportation to that will quote, overlook safety defects in the 1.2 million Corvair automobiles manufactured by hunchback dame tropes General Motors in the early 60s (*34).

Or the A. Crimson Shadow. H. Robins Company, which manufactured the Dalkon Shield intrauterine contraceptive, and which ignored repeated warnings of the Shields hazards and which stonewalled, deceived, covered up, and. covered up the coverups[thus inflicting] on women a. worldwide epidemic of tropes, pelvic infections. (*35). Or that cooperation between McDonnell Douglas Aircraft Company and the FAA resulted in failure to john oswald, enforce regulations regarding the unsafe DC-10 cargo door which failed in flight killing all 364 passengers on Turkish Airlines Flight 981 on March 3, 1974 (*36). Or the now-banned, cancer-producing pregnancy drug. Diethylstilbestrol (DES). that was sold by manufacturers who ignored tests which showed DES to be carcinogenic; and who acted in concert with each other in hunchback, the testing and democracy marketing of DES for hunchback of notre, miscarriage purposes (*37). Or the live in infamy, conspiracies among bankers and speculators, with the cooperation of a corrupted Congress, to relieve depositors of their savings. This arrogant disregard from the White House, Congress and hunchback corporate world for the interests and rights of the American people will cost U.S. tapayers many hundreds of billions of dollars (*38). Or the Westinghouse, Allis Chalmers,Federal Pacific, and General Electric executives who met surreptitiously in hotel rooms to fix prices and crimson shadow eliminate competition on heavy industrial equipment (*39). Or the hunchback, convictions of Industrial Biotest Laboratories (IBT). Democracy Advantages. officers for fabricating safety tests on prescription drugs (*40). Or the conspiracy by the asbestos industry to suppress knowledge of medical problemsrelating to asbestos (*41).

Or the 1928 Achnacarry Agreement through which oil companies agreed not to engage in any effective price competition (*42). Or the hunchback of notre tropes, conspiracy among U.S. Government agencies and the Congress to cover up the nature of our decades-old war against the people of Nicaragua. a covert war that continues in 1992 with the crimson shadow, U.S. Government applying pressure for the Nicaraguan police to reorganize into a more repressive force (*43).

Or the conspiracy by of notre the CIA and the U.S. Government to harvey, interfere in the Chilean election process with military aid, covert actions, and an economic boycott which culminated in the overthrow of the legitimately elected government and the assassination of President Salvador Allende in 1973 (*44). Or the conspiracy among U.S. Hunchback Of Notre Tropes. officials including Secretary of State Henry Kissinger and john oswald CIA Director William Colby to finance terrorism in Angola for the purpose of disrupting Angolas plans for peaceful elections in October 1975, and to lie about these actions to the Congress and the news media (*45). And CIA Director George Bushs subsequent cover up of this U.S.-sponsored terrorism (*46). Or President George Bushs consorting with the Pentagon to invade Panama in 1989 and thereby violate the tropes, Constitution of the United States, the U.N. Charter, the O.A.S. Charter, and the Panama Canal Treaties (*47). Or the gross antitrust violations (*48) and the conspiracy of Essay, American oil companies and the British and U.S. governments to strangle Iran economically after Iran nationalized the hunchback, British-owned Anglo-Iranian Oil Company in 1951. And the subsequent overthrow by the CIA in crimson shadow, 1953 of Iranian Prime Minister Muhammed Mossadegh (*49). Or the hunchback dame tropes, CIA-planned assassination of Congo head-of-state Patrice Lumumba (*50). Or the deliberate and wilful efforts of President George Bush, Senator Robert Dole, Senator George Mitchell, various U.S.

Government agencies, and harvard referencer members of both Houses of the Congress to buy the 1990 Nicaraguan national elections for hunchback of notre dame tropes, the presidential candidate supported by President Bush (*51). Or the collective approval by 64 U.S. Senators of harvey oswald, Robert Gates to head the CIA, in the face of unmistakable evidence that Gates lied about tropes, his role in the Iran-Contra scandal (*52). Or How Reagan and Media Quality Essay the Pope Conspired to Assist Polands Solidarity Movement and Hasten the Demise of Communism (*53). Or how the Reagan Administration connived with the Vatican to ban the use of USAID funds by any country for the promotion of birth control or abortion (*54). Or the way the Vatican and Washington colluded to of notre dame, achieve common purpose in Central America (*55). Or the collaboration of harvey, Guatemalan strong-man and mass murderer Hector Gramajo with the U.S. Army to hunchback dame tropes, design programs to build civilian-military cooperation at the U.S. Army School of the Americas (SOA) at approach to reading Fort Benning, Georgia; five of the nine soldiers accused in the 1989 Jesuit massacre in El Salvador are graduates of SOA which trains Latin/American military personnel (*56).

Or the conspiracy of the Comanche Peak Nuclear Plant administration to harass and of notre dame tropes cause bodily harm to whistleblower Linda Porter who uncovered dangerous working conditions at advantages the facility (*57). Or the conspiracy of President Richard Nxion and the Government of South Vietnam to dame tropes, delay the harvard referencer, Paris Peace Talks until after the 1968 U.S. presidential election (*58). Or the hunchback dame, pandemic coverups of police violence (*59). Or the always safe-to-cite worldwide communist conspiracy (*60). Or maybe the socially responsible, secret consortium to publish The Satanic Verses in paperback (*61). Conspiracies are obviously a way to get things done, and the Washington Post offers little comment unless conspiracy theorizing threatens to a day, expose a really important conspiracy that, lets say, benefits big business or big government. Such a conspiracy would be like our benevolent CIAs 1953 overthrow of the Iranian government to help out U.S. oil companies; or like our illegal war against Panama to tighten U.S. Of Notre Tropes. control over Panama and crimson shadow the Canal; or like monopoly control of broadcasting that facilitates corporate censorship on issues of public importance (*62). Of Notre. When the camouflage of such conspiracies is stripped away, public confidence in the conspiring officials can erode depending on how seriously the citizenry perceives the whole language approach, conspiracy to have violated the of notre, public trust. Erosion of public trust in the status quo is what the Post seems to.

see as a real threat to its corporate security. Currently, the Post has mounted vituperative, frenzied attacks on Oliver Stones movie JFK, which reexamines the U.S. Governments official (Warren Commission. finding that a single gunman, acting alone, killed President John F. Kennedy. The movie also is the story of New Orleans District Attorney Jim Garrisons unsuccessful prosecution of Clay Shaw, the only person ever tried in connection. with the crimson shadow, assassination. And the of notre dame, movie proposes that the Kennedy assassination was the work of conspirators whose interests would not be served by a president who, had he lived, might have disengaged us from our war against referencer Vietnam. The Post ridicules a reexamination of the Kennedy assassination along lines suggested by tropes JFK.

Senior Post journalists like Charles Krauthammer, Ken Ringle, George Will, Phil McCombs, and whole Michael Isikoff, have been called up to man the bulwarks against public sentiment which has never supported the governments non-conspiratorial assassination thesis. Hunchback Tropes. In spite of the facts that the Senate Intelligence Committee of democracy, 1975 and 1976 found that both the FBI and CIA had repeatedly lied to the Warren Commission (*63) and that the hunchback of notre, 1979 Report of the crimson shadow, House Select Committee on Assassinations found that President Kennedy was probably killed as a result of a conspiracy (*64), a truly astounding number of Post stories have been used as vehicles to of notre, discredit JFK as just another conspiracy (*65). Some of the more vicious attacks on the movie are by editor Stephen Rosenfeld, and journalists Richard Cohen, George Will, and George Lardner Jr (*66). John Oswald. They ridicule the idea that Kennedy could have had second thoughts about escalating the Vietnam War and declaim that there is no historical justification for this idea. Seasoned journalist Peter Dale Scott, former Pentagon/CIA liaison chief L. Fletcher Prouty, and investigators David Scheim and John Newman have each authored defense of the of notre dame, JFK thesis that Kennedy was not enthusiastic about staying in Vietnam (*67). But the democracy advantages and disadvantages, Post team just continues ranting against the possibility of a high-level assassination conspiracy while offering little justification for its arguments. An example of particularly shabby scholarship and of notre unacceptable behavior is George Lardner Jrs contribution to the Posts campaign against the movie. Lardner wrote three articles, two before the whole approach, movie was completed, and the third upon of notre tropes its release.

In May, six months before the movie came out, Lardner obtained a copy of the first draft. of the script and, contrary to accepted standards, revealed in the Post the democracy advantages and disadvantages, contents of dame tropes, this copyrighted movie (*68). Also in language approach, this article, (*69). Lardner discredits Jim Garrison with hostile statements from a former Garrison associate Pershing Gervais. Dame Tropes. Lardner.

does not tell the reader that subsequent to Media Growth by Pursuing Quality Essay, the Clay Shaw trial, in a U.S. Government criminal action brought against Garrison, Government witness Gervais, who helped set up Garrison for hunchback of notre, prosecution, admitted under oath that in a May 1972 interview with a New Orleans television reporter, he, Gervais, had said that the will live in infamy quote, U.S. Of Notre Tropes. Governments case against Garrison was a fraud (*70). The Posts 1973 account of thebr Garrison acquittal mentions this controversy, but when I recently asked Lardner about this, he was not clear as to whether he remembered. Two weeks after his first JFK article, Lardner blustered his way through a justification for his unauthorized possession of the a day live in infamy quote, early draft ofthe movie (*72). He also defended his reference to hunchback of notre tropes, Pershing Gervais by lashing out at Garrison as a writer of gothic fiction. When the movie was released in December, Lardner reviewed it (*73). He again ridiculed the harvey oswald, films thesis that following the hunchback of notre, Kennedy assassination, President Johnson reversed Kennedys plans to de-escalate the Vietnam War. Lardner cited a memorandum issued by. Johnson four days after Kennedy died. Lardner says this memorandum was written before the assassination, and that it was a continuation of Kennedys policy.

In fact, the memorandum was drafted the day before the assassination by McGeorge Bundy (Kennedys Assistant for National Security Affairs) Kennedy was in harvey oswald, Texas, and may never have seen it. Following the assassination, it was rewritten; and the final version provided for escalating the hunchback of notre, war against Vietnam (*74) facts that Lardner avoided. The Posts crusade against exposing conspiracies is blatantly dishonest: The Warren Commission inquiry into the Kennedy Assassination was for the most part conducted in secret. This fact is john harvey oswald buried in the Post (*75). Nor do current readers of this newspaper find meaningful discussion of the Warren Commissions secret doubts about both the FBI. and the CIA (*76). Or of a dispatch from CIA headquarters instructing co-conspirators at field stations to counteract the hunchback tropes, new wave of books and articles criticizing the democracy, [Warren] Commissions findings[and] conspiracy theories [that] have frequently thrown suspicion on our organization and to discuss the publicity problem with liaison and of notre tropes friendly elite contacts, especially politicians and editors and toemploy propaganda assets to answer and refute the attacks of the critics. Book reviews and feature articles are particularly. appropriate for this purpose. The aim of approach to reading, this dispatch is to provide material for countering and discrediting the claims of the conspiracy theorists (*77).

In 1979, Washington journalist Deborah Davis published Katharine The Great, the hunchback of notre dame, story of Post publisher Katharine Graham and her newspapers close ties with Washingtons powerful elite, a number of whom were with the CIA. Particularly irksome to Post editor Benjamin Bradlee was a Davis claim that Bradlee had produced CIA material (*78). Understandably sensitive about this kind of publicity, Bradlee told Davis publisher Harcourt Brace Jovanovich ,Miss Davis is crimson shadow lying I never produced. CIA material what I can do is to brand Miss Davis as a fool and to put your company in tropes, that special little group of publishers who dont give a shit for the truth. The Post bullied HBJ into recalling the crimson shadow, book; HBJ shredded 20,000 copies; Davis sued HBJ for breach of contract and damage to reputation; HBJ settled out of court; and dame tropes Davis. published her book elsewhere with an Media Growth appendix that demonstrated Bradlee to have been deeply involved with producing cold-war/CIA propaganda (*79). Bradlee still says the tropes, allegations about his association with people in the CIA are false, but he has apparently taken no action to contest the xetensive documentation presented by. Deborah Davis in the second and third editions of her book (*80). And its not as if the Post were new to conspiracy work. Former Washington Post publisher Philip Graham believing that the function of the press was more often than not to mobilize consent for the policies of the government, was one of the architects of what became a widespread practice: the use and manipulation of journalists by in infamy quote the CIA (*81). This scandal was known by its code name Operation MOCKINGBIRD.

Former Washington Post reporter Carl Bernstein cites a former CIA deputy director as saying, It was widely known that Phil Graham was someone you could get help from (*82). More recently the tropes, Post provided cover for CIA personality Joseph Fernandez by refusing to print his name for over a year up until the whole language approach, day his indictment was announced for crimes committed in of notre, his official capacity as CIA station chief in Costa Rica (*83). Of the meetings between Graham and his CIA acquaintances at which the availability and prices of whole approach, journalists were discussed, a former CIA man recalls, You could get a journalist cheaper than a good call girl, for a couple hundred dollars a month (*84). One may wish to. consider Philip Grahams philosophy along with a more recent statement from his wife Katharine Graham, current Chairman of the Board of the Washington Post. In a lecture on hunchback of notre tropes terrorism and the news media, Mrs. And Disadvantages. Graham said: A second challenge facing the hunchback dame tropes, media is how to whole, prevent. terrorists from hunchback of notre tropes, using the media as a platform fortheir views. The point is that we generally know when we are being manipulated, and weve learned better how and where to draw the line, though the whole approach, decisions are often difficult (*85). Today, the Post and its world of big business are apparently terrified that our elite and our high-level public officials may be exposed as conspirators behind Contra drug-smuggling, October Surprise, or the. assassination of President Kennedy. This fear is truly remarkable in that, like most of us and like most institutions, the Post runs its business as a conspiracy of like-minded entrepreneurs a conspiracy.

to act or work together toward the hunchback dame tropes, same result or goal (*86). But where the Post really parts company from just plain people is when it pretends that conspiracies associated with big business or government are coincidence. Post reporter Lardner vents the harvard referencer, frustration. inherent in of notre, having to Growth by Pursuing Quality, maintain this dichotomy. He lashes out at hunchback of notre Oliver Stone and suggests that Stone may actually believe that the Posts opposition to Stones movie is a conspiracy.

Lardner assures us that Stones complaints are groundless and paranoid and harvey oswald smack of of notre dame tropes, McCarthyism (*87). So how does the Post justify devoting so much energy to ridiculing those who investigate conspiracies? The Post has answers: people revert to conspiracy theories because they need something neat and tidy (*88) that plugs a gap no other generally accepted theory fills, (*89. and coincidence is always the safest and most likely explanation for any conjunction of curious. And what does this response mean? It means that coincidence theory is what the Can Achieve Growth, Post espouses when it would prefer not to admit to a conspiracy. In other words, some things just happen. And, besides, conspiracy to do certain things would be a crime; coincidence is hunchback of notre dame a. Post Ombudsman Richard Harwood, who, it is rumored, serves as Executive Director of the Benevolent Protective Order of Coincidence Theorists, (*91) recently issued a warning about presidential candidates who have begun to mutter about a press conspiracy. Ordinarily, Harwood would simply dismiss these charges as symptoms of the media paranoia that quadrennially engulfs members of the American political class (*92).

But a fatal mistake was made by the mutterers; they used the C word against the PRESS! And Harwood exploded his off-the-cuff comment into an entire column ending it with:We are the new journalists, immersed too long, perhaps, in the cleansing. waters of political conformity. But conspirators we aint. Distinguished investigative journalist Morton Mintz, a 29-year veteran of the Washington Post, now chairs the to reading, Fund for Investigative Journalism.

In the dame tropes, December issue of The Progressive, Mintz wrote A Reporter Looks Back in Anger Why the Media Cover Up Corporate Crime. Therein he discussed the difficulties in convincing editors to. accept important news stories. He illustrated the article with his own experiences at the Post, where he says he was known as the biggest pain in the ass in the office (*93). Would Harwood argue that grief endured by journalists at the hands of democracy and disadvantages, editors is a matter of random coincidence? And that such policy as Mintz described is made independently by editors without influence from fellow editors or from management? Would Harwood have us believe that at the countless office meetings in which news people are ever in dame tropes, attendance, there is that will live quote no discussion of. which stories will run and hunchback dame which ones will find inadequate space? That there is no advanced planning for stories or that there are no cooperative efforts among the staff?

Or that in approach, the face of our news-media grayout of presidential candidate Larry Agran, (*94) a Post journalist would be free to give news space to of notre tropes, candidate Agran equal to that the Post lavishes on candidate Clinton? Lets face it: these possibilities are about democracy, as likely as Barbara Bush entertaining guests at a soup kitchen. Would Harwood have us believe that media critic and of notre former Post Ombudsman Ben Bagdikian is telling less than the truth in his account of wire-service control over whole language approach, news: The largely anonymous men who control the syndicate and wire service copy desks and the central wire photo machines determine at a single decision what millions will see and hear. there seems to be little doubt that these gatekeepers preside over of notre tropes, an operation in which an appalling amount of press agentry sneaks in the back door of crimson shadow, American journalism and marches untouched out the hunchback of notre dame, front door as news' (*95). When he sat on the U.S. District Court of Appeals in Washington, Judge Clarence Thomas violated U.S. law when he failed to remove himself from a case in which he then proceeded to reverse a $10 million judgment against democracy advantages the Ralston Purina Company (*96). Ralston Purina, the. animal feed empire, is the family fortune of Thomas mentor, Senator John Danforth. The Post limited its coverage of the hunchback, Thomas malfeasance to 56 words buried in the middle of a 1200-word article (*97). Would.

Harwood have us believe that the almost complete blackout on this matter by the major news media and a day the U.S. Senate was a matter of coincidence? Could a Post reporter have written a story about Ralston Purina if she had wanted to? Can a brick swim? Or take the of notre dame, fine report produced last September by Ralph Naders Public Citizen. Titled All the Vice Presidents Men, it documents How the Media Can Achieve Growth by Pursuing Quality, Quayle Council on Competitiveness Secretly Undermines Health,

Safety, and Environmental Programs. Three months later, Post journalists David Broder and Bob Woodward published The Presidents Understudy, a seven-part series on Vice President Quayle. Although this series does address Quayles role with the Competitiveness. Council, its handling of the hunchback of notre dame, Councils disastrous impact on America is inadequate. It is 40,000 words of mostly aimless chatter about Quayle memorabilia: youth, family, college record, Christianity, political aspirations, intellectual aspirations, wealthy friends, government. associates, golf, travels, wife Marilyn, and language approach net worth revealing little about of notre dame tropes, Quayles abilities, his understanding of societys problems, or his thoughts about justice and freedom, and never mentioning the comprehensive Nader study of Quayles record in the.

Bush Administration (*98). Now, did Broder or did Woodward forget about the Nader study? Or did both of them forget? Or did one, or the other, or both decide not to harvard referencer, mention it? Did these two celebrated, seasoned Post reporters ever discuss together their jointly authored stories? Did they decide to publish such a barren set of articles because it would enhance their reputations? How did management feel about the use of precious news space for hunchback dame, such frivolity?

Is it possible that so many pages were dedicated to this twaddle without people acting or working together toward the crimson shadow, same result or goal? (*99) Do crocodiles fly? On March 20, front-page headlines in the Wall Street Journal, the New York Times, USA Today, and the Washington Post read respectively: TSONGAS DROPPED OUT OF THE PRESIDENTIAL RACE CLEARING CLINTONS PATH. TSONGAS ABANDONS CAMPAIGN LEAVING CLINTON CLEAR PATH TOWARD SHOWDOWN. TSONGAS CLEARS WAY FOR CLINTON. TSONGAS EXIT CLEARS WAY FOR CLINTON. This display of editorial independence should at least raise questions of whether the tropes, news media collective mindset is Media Growth by Pursuing really different from that of hunchback dame tropes, any other cartel like oil, diamond, energy, (*100) or manufacturing cartels, a cartel being a combination of independent. commercial enterprises designed to limit competition (*101). The Washington Post editorial page carries the heading: AN INDEPENDENT NEWSPAPER.

Is it? Of course not. There probably is no such thing. Does the Postconspire to keep its staff and its newspaper from crimson shadow, wandering too far from the safety of mediocrity? The Post would respond that the hunchback of notre dame tropes, question is absurd. A Day That Quote. In that I am not privy to the Posts telephone. conversations, I can only speculate on how closely the media elite must monitor the of notre dame tropes, staff. But we all know how few micro-seconds it takes a new reporter to learn what subjects are taboo and what are safe, and that experienced reporters dont have to a day will live in infamy, ask.

What is hunchback tropes more important, however, than speculating about crimson shadow, how the of notre tropes, Post communicates within its own corporate structure and with other members of the cartel, is to document and publicize what the Post does in democracy advantages, public, namely, how it shapes and censors the hunchback tropes, news. Julian C. Holmes. Copies to: Public-spirited citizens, both inside and outside the news media, And maybe a few others. 1. John Harvey. Mark Hosenball, The Ultimate Conspiracy, Washington Post, September 11, 1988, p.C1. 2a. Julian Holmes, Letter to hunchback of notre dame tropes, Washington Post Ombudsman Richard Harwood, June 4,1991. Notes that the Post censored, from the Anderson/Van Atta column, references to the Christic Institute and to Robert Gates. 2b. Jack Anderson and Dale Van Atta, Iran-Contra Figure Dodges Extradition, Washington Merry-Go-Round, United Feature Syndicate, May 26, 1991. This is the column submitted to the Post (see note 2a)..

2c. Jack Anderson and Dale Van Atta, The Man Washington Doesnt Want to Extradite, Washington Post, May 26, 1991. The column (see note 2b). as it appeared in the Post (see note 2a).. 3a. Case No.

86-1146-CIV-KING, Amended Complaint for harvey, RICO Conspiracy, etc., United States District Court, Southern District of Florida, Tony Avirgan and Martha Honey v. John Hull et al., October 3, 1986. 3b. Vince Bielski and Dennis Bernstein, Reports: Contras Send Drugs to U.S., Cleveland Plain Dealer, November 16, 1986. 3c. Hunchback Dame Tropes. Neal Matthews, I Ran Drugs for Uncle Sam (based on interviews with Robert Plumlee, contra resupply pilot)., San Diego Reader, April 5, 1990.

4. Leslie Cockburn, Out of Control. Harvey Oswald. New York: Atlantic Monthly Press, 1987. 5a. Peter Dale Scott and of notre tropes Jonathan Marshall, Cocaine Politics, University ofCalifornia Press, 1991, p.179-181. 5b. David S. By Pursuing Quality Essay. Hilzenrath, Hill Panel Finds No Evidence Linking Contras to Drug Smuggling, Washington Post, July 22, 1987, p.A07. 5c. Partial correction to the Washington Post of July 22, Washington Post, July 24,1987, p.A3. 5d. The Washington Post declined to publish SubCommittee Chairman Rangels Letter- to-the-Editor of July 22, 1987.

It was printed in the Congressional Record on August 6, 1987, p.E3296-7. 6a. Michael Kranish, Kerry Says US Turned Blind Eye to Contra-Drug Trail, Boston Globe, April 10, 1988. 6b. Mary McGrory, The Contra-Drug Stink, Washington Post, April 10, 1988, p.B1.

6c. Robert Parry with Rod Nordland, Guns for Drugs? Senate Probers Trace an Old Contra Connection to George Bushs Office, Newsweek, May 23, 1988, p.22. 6d. Dennis Bernstein, Iran-Contra The Coverup Continues, The Progressive, November 1988, p.24. 6e. Of Notre Tropes. Drugs, Law Enforcement and Foreign Policy, A Report Prepared by the Subcommittee on Terrorism, Narcotics, and crimson shadow International Operations of the Committee on Foreign Relations, United States Senate, December 1988.

7a. Hunchback Of Notre Dame Tropes. Mark Hosenball, If Its October Then Its Time for an Iranian Conspiracy Theory, Washington Post, October 9, 1988, p.D1. 7b. Mark Hosenball, October Surprise! Redux! The Latest Version of the 1980 Hostage- Deal Story Is Still Full of Holes, Washington Post, April 21, 1991,p.B2. 8a. Barbara Honegger, October Surprise, New York: Tudor, 1989. 8b.

Gary Sick, October Surprise, New York: Times Books, Random House, 1991. 9a. Abbie Hoffman and Jonathan Silvers, An Election Held Hostage, Playboy, October 1988, p.73. 9b. Robert Parry and Robert Ross, The Election Held Hostage, FRONTLINE, WGBH-TV,April 16, 1991. 10a. Democracy And Disadvantages. Reuter, Ex-Hostages Seek Probe By Congress, Washington Post, June 14,1991,p.A4. 10b. An Election Held Hostage?, Conference, Dirksen Senate Office Building Auditorium, Washington DC, June 13, 1991; Sponsored by hunchback dame The Fund For New Priorities in America, 171 Madison Avenue, New York, NY, 10016. 11a.

David Brown and Guy Gugliotta, House Approves Inquiry Into OctoberSurprise', Washington Post, February 6, 1992, p.A11. 11b. Jack Colhoun, Lawmakers Lose Nerve on Media Growth Essay October Surprise, The Guardian, December 11, 1991, p.7. 11c. Jack Colhoun, October Surprise Probe Taps BCCI Lawyer, The Guardian, February 26, 1992, p.3. 12. See note 5a, p.180-1.

13a. See note 4, p.229, 240-1. 13b. Report of the Congressional Committees Investigating the hunchback of notre dame tropes, Iran-Contra Affair, Senate Report No. 100-216, House Report No. 100-433, November 1987, p.139-141. 14a.

Letter to His Excellency Oscar Arias Sanchez, President of the Republic of harvard referencer, Costa Rica; from dame tropes, Members of the U.S. Congress David Dreier, Lee Hamilton, Dave McCurdy, Dan Burton, Mary Rose Oakar, Jim Bunning, Frank McCloskey, Cass Ballenger, Peter Kostmayer, Jim Bates, Douglas Bosco, James Inhofe, Thomas Foglietta, Rod Chandler, Ike Skelton, Howard Wolpe, Gary Ackerman, Robert Lagomarsino, and Bob McEwen; January 26, 1989. 14b. Peter Brennan, Costa Rica Considers Seeking Contra Backer in U.S. Indiana Native Wanted on Murder Charge in 1984 Bomb Attack in Nicaragua, WashingtonPost, February 1, 1990. 14c. Costa Rica Seeks Extradition of Indiana Farmer, Scripps-Howard News Service,April 25, 1991. 15. Press Release from the democracy, Costa Rican Embassy, Washington DC, On the Case of the Imprisonment of Costa Rican Citizen John Hull, February 6, 1989. 16. Brian Glick, War at Home, Boston: South End Press, 1989. 17.

John Stockwell, The Praetorian Guard The U.S. Role in the New World Order, Boston: South End Press, 1991, p.121. 18. Hearings Before the Committee on hunchback of notre dame tropes Patents, United States Senate, 77th Cong., 2nd Session (1942)., part I, as cited in Joseph Borkin, The Crime and Punishment of I.G. Farben, New York: The Free Press, Macmillan, 1978, p.93. 19. R. Whole Language To Reading. Jeffrey Smith, Study of A-Plant Neighbors Health Urged, Washington Post, July 13, 1990, p.A6. 20. Tom Horton, A Cost Higher Than the Peace Dividend Price Tag Mounts to Clean Up Nuclear Weapons Sites, Baltimore Sun, February 23, 1992, p.1K.

21. The Nuclear Industrys Secret PR Strategy, EXTRA!, March 1992, p.15. 22a. Samuel S. Of Notre Dame. Epstein, MD et al, Losing the War Against Cancer: Need for PublicPolicy Reform, Congressional Record, April 2, 1992, p.E947-9. 22b. Samuel S. Epstein, The Cancer Establishment, Washington Post, March 10, 1992.

23a. Hon. Henry B. Approach To Reading. Gonzalez, Efforts to of notre dame tropes, Thwart Investigation of the BNL Scandal, Congressional Record, March 30, 1992, p.H2005-2014. 23b. That Will Live In Infamy. Hon. David E. Skaggs (CO)., White House Spin Control on Pre-War Iraq Policy, Congressional Record, April 2, 1992, p.H2285. 23c.

Nicholas Rostow, Special Assistant to hunchback of notre dame, the President and will Legal Adviser, Memorandum to Jeanne S. Archibald et al, Meeting on congressional requests for hunchback of notre, information and documents, April 8, 1991; Congressional Record, April 2, 1992,p.H2285. 24a. Michio Kaku, Operation Desert Lie: Pentagon Confesses, The. Guardian, March11, 1992, p.4. 24b. J. Media Can Achieve By Pursuing Quality Essay. Max Robins, NBCs Unaired Iraq Tapes Not a Black and White Case, Variety Magazine, March 4, 1991, p.25. 25. Emory R. Of Notre Dame Tropes. Searcy Jr., Clergy and Laity Concerned, Spring 1991 Letter toFriends, p.1.

26. Jean Dimeo, Selling Hispanics on Columbus Luis Vasquez-Ajmac Is Hired to john harvey oswald, Promote Smithsonian Project, Washington Post, November 18, 1991, p.Bus.8. 27. Hunchback Of Notre Tropes. Hans Koning, Teach the Truth About Columbus, Washington Post, September 3,1991, p.A19. 28a. James Kilpatrick, Software-Piracy Case Emitting Big Stench, St. Louis Post/Dispatch, March 18, 1991, p.3B. Elliot L. Richardson, A High-Tech Watergate, New York Times, October 21,1991. 29. BCCI NBC Sunday Today, February 23, 1992, p.12; transcript prepared by crimson shadow Burrelles Information Services. The quote is from of notre dame, New York District Attorney Robert Morgenthau who is running his own independent investigation of BCCI.

30. Norman Bailey, former Reagan White House intelligence analyst; from an language to reading interview with Mark Rosenthal of NBC News. See note 29, p.5. 31. Jack Colhoun, BCCI Skeletons Haunting Bushs Closet, The Guardian, September 18, 1991, p.9. 32.

Robert Morgenthau. See note 29, p.10. 33. Russell Mokhiber, Corporate Crime and Violence, San Francisco: Sierra ClubBooks, 1989 paperback edition, p.227. 34. See note 33, p.136-7. 35. Morton Mintz, At Any Cost: Corporate Greed, Women, and dame the Dalkon Shield, NewYork: Pantheon, 1985. Media Growth Quality. As cited in Mokhiber, see note 33, p.157. 36.

See note 33, p.164-171. 37. Hunchback. See note 33, p.172-180. 38. Whole Approach. Michael Waldman, Who Robbed America?, New York: Random House, 1990. The quote is from hunchback of notre dame tropes, Ralph Naders Introduction, p.iii. 39.

See note 33, p.217. 40. See note 33, p.235. 41. See note 33, p.277-288. 42. See note 33, p.323. 43. Language Approach. Katherine Hoyt Gonzalez, Nicaragua Network Education Fund Newsletter, March1992, p.1. 44.

William Blum, The CIA A Forgotten History, London: Zed Books Ltd., 1986,p.232-243. 45a. John Stockwell, In Search of Enemies, New York: Norton, 1978. 45b. See note 44, p.284-291. 46. See note 17, p.18. 47a. Letter to President George Bush from The Ad Hoc Committee for Panama (James Abourezk et al)., January 10, 1990; published in hunchback of notre dame tropes, The Nation, February 5, 1990, p.163. 47b. Philip E. Wheaton, Panama, Trenton NJ: Red Sea Press, 1992, p.145-7.

48a. Morton Mintz and Jerry S. Cohen, Power, Inc., New York: Bantam Books, 1977,p.521. 48b. The International Oil Cartel, Federal Trade Commission, December 2, 1949. Cited in Can Achieve by Pursuing Essay, 48a, p.521. 49a. See note 44, p.67-76.

49b. See note 48a, p.530-1. 50. Ralph W. McGehee, Deadly Deceits, New York: Sheridan Square Publications, 1983,p.60. 51.

HR-3385, An Act to Provide Assistance for Free and Fair Elections in Nicaragua. Passed the dame, U.S. House of Representatives on October 4, 1989 by avote of 263 to 136, and the Senate on October 17 by a vote of 64 to 35. 52. Jack Colhoun, Gates Oozing Trail of Lies, Gets Top CIA Post, The Guardian,November 20, 1991, p.6. 53. Carl Bernstein, Time, February 24, 1992, Cover Story p.28-35. 54. The U.S. and the Vatican on Growth by Pursuing Quality Essay Birth Control, Time, February 24, 1992, p.35. 55. Times Missing Link: Poland to Latin America, National Catholic Reporter,February 28, 1992, p.24. 56a.

Jim Lynn, School of Americas Commander Hopes to Expand Mission, Benning Patriot, February 21, 1992, p.12. 56b. Vicky Imerman, U.S. Army School of the Americas Plans Expansion, News Release from hunchback dame, S.O.A. Watch, P.O. Bo 3330, Columbus, Georgia 31903. 57. 60 MINUTES, CBS, March 8, 1992. 58. Jack Colhoun, Tricky Dicks Quick Election Fix, The Guardian, January 29,1992, p.18.

59a. Sean P. Murphy, Several Probes May Have Ignored Evidence Against Police, Boston Globe, July 28, 1991, p.1. 59b. Christopher B. Daly, Pattern of Police Abuses Reported in Boston Case, Washington Post, July 12, 1991, p.A3. 59c. Associated Press, Dayton Police Probing Erasure of john oswald, Arrest Video, WashingtonPost, May 26, 1991, p.A20. 59d. Gabriel Escobar, Deaf Mans Death In Police Scuffle Called Homicide, Washington Post, May 18, 1991, p.B1. 59e. Jay Mathews, L.A. Police Laughed at Beating, Washington Post, March 19, 1991, p.A1.

59f. David Maraniss, One Cops View of Police Violence, Washington Post, April 12,1991, p.A1. 59g. Hunchback. From News Services, Police Abuse Detailed, Washington Post, February 8, 1992,p.A8. 60. Michael Dobbs, Panhandling the crimson shadow, Kremlin: How Gus Hall Got Millions, Washington Post, March 1, 1992, p.A1.

61. Of Notre Tropes. David Streitfeld, Secret Consortium To Publish Rushdie In Paperback, Washington Post, March 14, 1992, p.D1. 62a. See notes 48 and 49. 62b. See note 47b, p.63-76. 62c. Fairness In Broadcasting Act of 1987, U.S. Senate Bill S742. 62d. Now Let That Fairness Bill Die, Editorial, Washington Post, June 24, 1987.

The Post opposed the Fairness in Broadcasting Act. 63. David E. Scheim, Contract on harvey America The Mafia Murder of President John F.Kennedy, New York: Shapolsky Publishers, 1988, p.viii. 64. See note 63, p.28. 65a.

Chuck Conconi, Out and About, Washington Post, February 26, 1991, p.B3. 65b. George Lardner Jr., On the hunchback dame tropes, Set: Dallas in Wonderland, Washington Post, May19, 1991, p.D1. 65c. Media Essay. George Lardner, Or Just a Sloppy Mess, Washington Post, June 2, 1991,p.D3. 65d. Charles Krauthammer, A Rash of Conspiracy Theories When Do We Dig Up BillCasey?, Washington Post, July 5, 1991, p.A19. 65e. Eric Brace, Personalities, Washington Post, October 31, 1991, p.C3.

65f. Associated Press, JFK Director Condemned Warren Commission Attorney Calls Stone Film A Big Lie', Washington Post, December 16, 1991, p.D14. 65g. Gerald R. Ford and David W. Belin, Kennedy Assassination: How About the Truth?, Washington Post, December 17, 1991, p.A21. 65h. Rita Kemply, JFK: History Through A Prism, Washington Post, December 20,1991, p.D1. 65i. George Lardner Jr., The Way it Wasnt In JFK, Stone Assassinates the Truth, Washington Post, December 20, 1991, p.D2. 65j. Desson Howe, Dallas Mystery: Who Shot JFK?, Washington Post, December 20,1991, p.55. 65k.

Phil McCombs, Oliver Stone, Returning the Fire In Defending His JFK Conspiracy Film, the Director Reveals His Rage and Reasoning, Washington Post, December 21, 1991, p.F1. 65l. Hunchback Dame. George F. Will, JFK: Paranoid History, Washington Post, December 26, 1991,p.A23. 65m. On Screen, JFK movie review, Washington Post, Weekend, December 27, 1991. 65n. Stephen S. Rosenfeld, Shadow Play, Washington Post, December 27, 1991, p.A21. 65o. Daniel Patrick Moynihan, The Paranoid Style, Washington Post, December 29,1991, p.C7. 65p. Michael Isikoff, H-e-e-e-e-r-es Conspiracy! Why Did Oliver Stone Omit (Or Suppress!). the Role of Johnny Carson?, Washington Post, December 29, 1991,p.C2.

65q. Harvard. Robert OHarrow Jr., Conspiracy Theory Wins Converts Moviegoers Say JFK Nourishes Doubts That Oswald Acted Alone, Washington Post, January 2, 1992, p.B1. 65r. Michael R. Tropes. Beschloss, Assassination and Obsession, Washington Post, January 5, 1992, p.C1. 65s. Charles Krauthammer, JFK: A Lie, But Harmless, Washington Post, January 10,1992, p.A19. 65t.

Art Buchwald, Bugged: The Flu Conspiracy, Washington Post, January 14, 1992,p.E1. 65u. Ken Ringle, The Fallacy of Conspiracy Theories Good on Film, But the Motivation Is All Wrong, Washington Post, January 19, 1992, p.G1. 65v. Charles Paul Freund, If History Is a Lie Americas Resort to Conspiracy Thinking, Washington Post, January 19, 1992, p.C1. 65w. Crimson Shadow. Richard Cohen, Olivers Twist, Washington Post Magazine, January 19, 1992, p.5. 65. Michael Isikoff, Seeking JFKs Missing Brain, Washington Post, January 21,1992, p.A17. 65y.

Don Oldenburg, The Plots Thicken Conspiracy Theorists Are Everywhere, Washington Post, January 28, 1992, p.E5. 65z. Joel Achenbach, JFK Conspiracy: Myth vs. the Facts, Washington Post, February 28, 1992, p.C5. 65A. Dame. List of books on the best-seller list: On the Trail of the Assassins is characterized as conspiracy plot theories, Washington Post, March 8, 1992,Bookworld, p.12. 66.

See notes 65n, 65w, 65l, 65b, 65c, and 65i. 67a. Peter Dale Scott, Vietnamization and Media Growth by Pursuing Quality Essay the Drama of the of notre tropes, Pentagon Papers. Whole Language To Reading. Published in The Senator Gravel Edition of The Pentagon Papers, Volume V,p.211-247. 67b. Peter Dale Scott, The War Conspiracy The Secret Road to the Second Indochina War, Indianapolis/New York: Bobbs-Merrill, 1972, p. 215-224.

67c. L. Fletcher Prouty, The Secret Team, Copyright 1973. New printing, Costa Mesa CA: Institute for Historical Review, 1990, p.402-416. 67d. See note 63, p.58, 183, 187, 194, 273-4. 67e. Hunchback Of Notre Dame Tropes. John M. Newman, JFK and Vietnam, New York: Warner Books, 1992. 67f.

Peter Dale Scott, Letter to the Editor, The Nation, March 9, 1992, p.290. 68a. See note 65b. 68b. Oliver Stone, The Post, George Lardner, and My Version of the JFK Assassination, Washington Post, June 2, 1991, p.D3. 69. See note 65b. 70. Jim Garrison, On the Trail of The Assassins, New York: Warner Books, 1988, 315/318.

71. Associated Press, Garrison, 2 Others, Found Not Guilty Of Bribery Charge, Washington Post, September 28, 1973, p.A3. 72. See note 65c. 73. See note 65i. 74. See note 67e, p.438-450. 75.

John G. Leyden, Historians, Buffs, and Crackpots, Washington Post, Bookworld, January 26, 1992, p.8. 76a. Advantages. Tad Szulc, New Doubts, Fears in JFK Assassination Probe, Washington Star,September 19, 1975, p.A1. 76b. Tad Szulc, Warren Commissions Self-Doubts Grew Day by Day This Bullet Business Leaves Me Confused', Washington Star, September. 76c. Tad Szulc, Urgent and Secret Meeting of the of notre dame tropes, Warren Commission Dulles Proposed that the Minutes be Destroyed, Washington Star, September 21, 1975,p.A1. 77. Cable Sought to Discredit Critics of Warren Report, New York Times, December 26, 1977, p.A37. 78.

Deborah Davis, Katharine The Great, New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1979,p.141-2. 79a. Eve Pell, Private Censorship Killing Katharine The Great', The Nation, November 12, 1983. 79b. A Day That. Deborah Davis, Katharine The Great, Bethesda MD: National Press, 1987. Davis says, corporate documents that became available during my subsequent lawsuit against hunchback of notre dame tropes him [Harcourt Brace Jovanovich chairman, William Jovanovich] showed that 20,000 copies [of Katharine the Great] had been processed and converted into waste paper.

79c. Daniel Brandt, All the Publishers Men A Suppressed Book About Washington Post Publisher Katharine Graham Is On Sale Again National Reporter, Fall 1987, p.60. 79d. Deborah Davis, Katharine The Great, New York: Sheridan Square Press, 1991. John. publishers who dont give a shit, p.iv-v; bullying HBJ into of notre dame recalling the book, p.iv-vi; lawsuit and settlement, p.. 80. Crimson Shadow. Benjamin C. Hunchback Tropes. Bradlee, Letter to Growth Quality Essay, Deborah Davis, April 1, 1987. See note 79d, p.304. 81. See note 79d, p.119-132. 82. Carl Bernstein, The CIA and the Media How Americas Most Powerful News Media Worked Hand in Glove with the Central Intelligence Agency and Why the Church Committee Covered It Up, Rolling Stone,

October 20, 1977, p.63. 83a. Of Notre Tropes. Daniel Brandt, Letter to Richard L. Harwood of The Washington Post, September 15, 1988. The letter asks for the Posts rationale for its policy of protecting government covert actions, and whether this policy is Can Achieve Growth still in effect. 83b. Daniel Brandt, Little Magazines May Come and dame Go, The National Reporter, Fall 1988, p.4. Notes the Posts protection of the referencer, identity of CIA agent Joseph F.Fernandez. Brandt says, America needs to confront its own recent history as well as protect the interests of its citizens, and both can be accomplished by outlawing peacetime covert activity.

This would contribute more to thesecurity of hunchback of notre, Americans than all the counterterrorist proposals and elite strike. forces that ever found their way onto Pentagon wish-lists. 83c. Richard L. Harwood, Letter to Daniel Brandt, September 28, 1988. Harwoods two- sentence letter reads, We have a long-standing policy of not naming covert agents of the C.I.A., except in unusual.

circumstances. We applied that policy to whole approach to reading, Fernandez. 84. See note 79d, p.131. 85. Katharine Graham, Safeguarding Our Freedoms As We Cover Terrorist Acts, Washington Post, April 20, 1986, p.C1. 86. conspire, ?4?Random House Dictionary of the tropes, English Language, Second Edition Unabridged, 1987. 87. Media Quality Essay. Howard Kurtz, Media Notes, Washington Post, June 18, 1991, p.D1. 88.

See note 65y. 89. See note 65n. 90. Hunchback Of Notre Dame Tropes. See note 65d. 91. William Casey, Private Communications with JCH, March 1992. Richard Harwood, What Conspiracy?, Washington Post, March 1, 1992, p.C6. 94a. That Quote. Washington Post Electronic Data Base, Dialog Information Services Inc., April 25, 1992.

In 1991 and 1992, the name Bill Clinton appeared in hunchback of notre dame tropes, 878 Washington Post stories, columns, letters, or editorials; Jerry Brown in 485, Pat Buchanan in 303, and harvard referencer Larry Agran in hunchback dame, 28. In those 28, Agrans name appeared 76 times, Clintons 151, and Brown 105. In only 1 of those 28 did Agrans name appear in a headline. 94b. Colman McCarthy, Whats Minor About This Candidate?, Washington Post, February 1, 1992. Washington Post columnist McCarthy tells how television and party officials have kept presidential candidate Larry Agran out of sight.

The Posts own daily news-blackout of Agran is not discussed. 94c. Scot Lehigh, Larry Agran: Winner in Debate With Little Chance For the Big Prize, Boston Globe, February 25, 1992. 94d. Joshua Meyrowitz, The Press Rejects a Candidate, Columbia Journalism Review,March/April, 1992. 95. Ben H. Harvard. Bagdikian, The Effete Conspiracy And Other Crimes By The Press, NewYork: Harper and dame tropes Row, 1972, p.36-7. 96a. 28 USC Section 455. Any justice, judge, or magistrate of the United States shall disqualify himself in any proceeding in Media Growth by Pursuing Essay, which his impartiality might reasonably be questioned. [emphasis added] 96b.

Alpo Petfoods, Inc. v. Ralston Purina Co., 913 F2d 958 (CA DC 1990).. 96c. Monroe Freedman, Thomas Ethics and the Court Nominee Unfit to Sit For Failing to Recuse In Ralston Purina Case, Legal Times, August 26, 1991. 96d. Paul D. Hunchback Dame. Wilcher, Opposition to the Confirmation of Judge Clarence Thomas to become a Justice on the U.S. Advantages. Supreme Court on dame tropes the grounds of his JUDICIAL MISCONDUCT, Letter to U.S. Senator Joseph R. Biden, October 15, 1991.

97. Al Kamen and Michael Isikoff, A Distressing Turn, Activists. Decry What Process Has Become, Washington Post, October 12, 1991, p.A1. 98. Referencer. January 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 12, 1992, p.A1 each day. 100. Hunchback Dame Tropes. Thomas W. Lippman, Energy Lobby Fights Unseen Killers', Washington Post,April 1, 1992, p.A21. This article explains that representatives of the U.S.

Chamber of Commerce, the National Association of Manufacturers and the coal, oil, natural gas, offshore. drilling and harvard referencer nuclear power industries, whose interests often conflict, pledged to work together to oppose amendments limiting offshore oil drilling, nuclear power and carbon dioxide emissions soon to be. offered by key House members. 101. Of Notre Tropes. cartel, Websters New Collegiate Dictionary, 1977. A good source on the Washington Post and Katharine Grahams attempt to suppress the Davis book,Katherine The Great,, which was largely successful, is Carol Felsenthals, Power and Privilege at the Post, the Katharine Graham Story. For more information on Johnny Rosselli and Moses and Walter Annenberg, an excellent source is All American Mafioso, the Johnny Rosselli Story, by Ed Becker and Charles Rappelye. An additional good short reference is The CIAs Greatest Hits by Mark Zepezauer. There you will find the reference to Carl Bernsteins classic The CIA and john harvey the Media which appeared in Rolling Stone on Oct. 20, 1977. Still another recent example of the hunchback, CIAs control of the media is the spiking of Sally Dentons Roger Morris story,THE CRIMES OF MENA by Washington Post managing editor Bob Kaiser even though the story had been legally vetted and cleared for publication.

Indeed the story, which details the CIAs involvement in drug trafficing, was already typeset and ready to go when it was killed withouty explanation.

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Verbal Abuse against Children Essay. Verbal abuse is increasingly being recognized for of notre tropes its negative effects (Visaing, Straus, Gelles, Harrop, p. That Will In Infamy. 223-238). Subjecting children to the victimization of their mothers is hunchback dame, a severe form of psychological maltreatment. Despite the parents attempts to shield the children from adult violence, most children witness some violence against their mothers and are likely to at least hear the violence (Phillips, Lukens, Casriel, p. 111-121). Hiding in their bedrooms out of fear, the children may hear repeated threats of injury, verbal assaults on their mothers character, objects hurled across the room, suicide attempts, beatings, and threats to kill (Rosenberg, p. John Harvey. 85-89).

Such exposure arouses a mixture of intense feelings in the children that include fear that the mother will be killed, guilt that they could not stop the violence, divided loyalties, and anger at the mother for not leaving (James Madison University, Center for hunchback dame tropes Child Abuse Education, p. 114). Even a single episode of harvard referencer, violence can produce posttraumatic stress disorder in the children (Stullman, Schoenenberger, Hanks, p. 32). Hunchback Tropes. Thus, the father who batters is at by Pursuing Quality Essay risk for of notre dame emotionally traumatizing the children because he already has a history of doing so. The immediate problems of the democracy advantages and disadvantages, children can be divided into two broad categories: (1) internalized problems such as withdrawn or anxious behavior and hunchback of notre tropes (2) externalized problems such as aggressive and crimson shadow delinquent behaviors. Some children show both types. In one study three-fourths of the children of battered women exhibited clinically significant behavioral problems, compared with only 13 percent of those in dame a control group (Jaffe, Wolfe, Wilson, Zak, p. A Day Live. 142-146). Of Notre Dame. The impact on behavior may be greatest for children who are exposed to the most conflict between the parents and are treated punitively.

The effects may differ by whole language approach to reading gender, but the findings are not consistent (for example, Davis Carlson, p. 278-291). The children may also develop hearing, speech, and learning difficulties (Penfold, p. 108-114). Hunchback Of Notre Dame. Teenage children may turn to crimson shadow alcohol and drug use. The ability of the children to solve social problems is also impaired. The children tend to do poorly on measures testing their understanding of hunchback tropes, social situations and the thoughts and feelings of others and are less able to deal with an emergency (Jaffe et al. , p. 45).

Exposure to violence is crimson shadow, likely to hunchback of notre dame tropes teach male children how to be abusive throughout their lives, thus contributing to the intergenerational transmission of violence. Whole Language Approach To Reading. Factors That May Affect Risk of Abuse. Besides knowing which parent is most at hunchback of notre tropes risk for physically or emotionally abusing their children, there may be important factors that raise or lower the level of risk, including parental separation and parents traumas, psychological profiles, and participation in treatment. Parental Separation Many men who batter cling to the marital relationship after separation and harvey continue to harass and physically abuse their partners. Some wives are killed during separation in the context of custody disputes or visitation (Saunders Browne, p. 379-402). An abuser may try to control his partner by having the children act as spies, or he may lash out at the children if he views his partner and children as a single entity and feels vengeful (Chesler, p. 67). Wallerstein and Kellys study of divorced families illustrates how men who batter try to of notre tropes convince the democracy advantages, children and the court that their partners are either morally bankrupt or emotionally unfit to continue mothering (pp. 28-29).

The children will also be exposed to more violence if either partner is a victim or offender in a new relationship. However, the of notre dame, risk of exposure differs for men and women. It does not seem, as practice lore has it, that battered women are likely to find a new abuser. Pagelow (p. 65) found that only john harvey 33 percent of the battered women in her study were in hunchback of notre dame more than one violent relationship. The national norm of all marriages that have experienced violence at some point is about the harvey, same-28 percent (Straus, Gelles, Steinmetz, p. 62-64). On the other hand, abusers may have more than a 50 percent chance of battering in a new relationship, with rates ranging from 57 percent to 86 percent in two nonrandom studies (Pagelow, 76). Parents Childhood Traumas. Perhaps the most common truism among those trying to determine the potential for child abuse is that being abused as a child is a strong predictor of becoming a child abuser. In the past it was believed that because both battered women and dame tropes their partners were likely to have been abused in childhood, both have about the same chance of abusing their children.

Recent evidence, however, suggests that two pieces of practice lore need to be modified. First, all studies do not find that either battered women or their partners are more likely to have been abused in childhood. Hotaling and Sugarman (p. 101-124) found that four out of 13 studies they reviewed did not confirm the notion that battered women or men who batter were abused in childhood. A more consistent risk marker was for Media Can Achieve by Pursuing Quality the men to have witnessed violence between parents (14 out of 16 studies). When witnessing violence is combined with being abused in childhood, an especially potent risk factor is created for hunchback becoming a woman and child abuser (Straus et al. , p. 68-95). Second, it was also believed that most parents who abuse their children were abused themselves. There is a positive relationship between being abused and to reading becoming an dame tropes, abuser, but the relationship is not as strong as was once thought (Jayaratne, p. 23-43).

Kaufman and Zigler (p. 186-198) concluded from their review of studies that about 30 percent of those who were abused as children were likely to become abusers. If a broader definition of abuse is approach to reading, used, as in the national study by Straus (p. 213-234), only 15 percent of those who were frequently abused by their parents abused their own children. Of those who were not abused, 8 percent abused their children. Bowker, Arbitell, and of notre McFerron ( p. 158-175) concluded from their survey of battered women that male dominance and violence against wives, especially marital rape, was a much more important link to child abuse by fathers than the fathers childhood victimization. When there is a link between childhood victimization and later abuse, there is some evidence that it is stronger in men. Miller and Challas (p. 29-43) found that of harvey oswald, those who were abused as children, 31 percent of the men and 19 percent of the tropes, women were rated as being at high risk for abusing their own children. Parents Psychological Profiles Psychological evaluations are frequently ordered in contested child custody cases, and social workers need to know the strengths and limits of these evaluations. In general, the prediction of dangerous behavior is best made from past violent behavior and not from general personality traits.

Wolfe (p. 462-482) concluded from his literature review that underlying personality attributes and traits have been unable to detect any patterns associated with child abuse beyond general descriptions of displeasure in the parental role and stress-related complaints (p. 465). A more relevant indicator of risk for harvard referencer child abuse is the Child Abuse Potential Inventory (Milner, p. 41-54). Men who batter have been shown to score higher on hunchback tropes, this measure than nonbatterers (Milner Gold, p. Harvard. 169-172). In custody and visitation evaluations, the measure needs to be supplemented with interview and background data (Saunders, p. 208-235). Evaluations are often complicated by the ability of many of the men who batter to function well while their partners appear pathological (Ayoub, Grace, Paradise, Newberger, p. 191-207). Despite appearances, the men are likely to have longstanding, severe problems such as alcoholism and of notre emotional wounds from democracy advantages childhood traumas.

A large proportion has personality disorders. Hotaling and hunchback of notre Sugarmans (p. 101-124) review did not find similar chronic problems in battered women. There is evidence that if the women develop psychological problems, they are the direct result of and disadvantages, battering. Hunchback Dame Tropes. The nonviolent tactics of harvey, men who batter are also likely to contribute to the womens emotional turmoil.

Many tactics are similar to those used against prisoners of war. The men often isolate the women; blame them for the abuse; falsely accuse them of infidelity; and put labels on them like crazy, stupid, or whore (Walker, p. 34). Hunchback Dame. The men may also make death threats, especially if the women try to leave. When a woman learns that her partner wants custody of the children, her stress can become overwhelming, because her goal in leaving her partner is often to protect the referencer, children. Posttraumatic stress disorder and depression are the likely outcomes of hunchback tropes, such an democracy and disadvantages, ordeal. When Rosewater (p.

86-96) administered the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory to a group of of notre, battered women, their average profile showed features consistent with borderline personality disorder and harvard referencer schizophrenia. She interpreted the findings, not as a sign of severe psychopathology, but as an indication that battered woman can be severely traumatized by the battering and fear of its recurrence. Therefore, using psychological test scores and courtroom behavior to of notre dame tropes assess the parenting abilities of battered women must be done with extreme caution. Crites and Coker (p. 9-13) noted that the battered woman may appear in Media Growth court to hunchback dame tropes be unstable, nervous, inarticulate, or angry because of crimson shadow, her ordeal.

The author worked on a case in which the judge interpreted a womans attempt to find safety as pathological, stating that she had shown evidence of impulsivity and poor judgment because of her recent precipitous move to another state. Dame. Crites and Coker (p. 40-43) noted that therapists as well as judges make such interpretations. Another symptom-flat affect-may also works against crimson shadow the women. Women may develop such an affect to hunchback guard against painful memories. Practitioners, attorneys, and judges may mistakenly assume that the womans apparent indifference to danger means that she accepts it, rather than seeing that she is suffering from psychic numbing. A battered womans psychological state can certainly affect her ability to parent. For example, battered womens depression appears to be related to their childrens problems as much as the childrens exposure to violence (Wolfe, Jaffe, Wilson, Zak, p. 657-665). If severe, maternal depression can lead to neglect of the childrens needs.

A major goal in assessment is to determine the crimson shadow, likelihood that the depression will lift once the woman is safely away from her abuser. Some battered women turn to drug and hunchback dame tropes alcohol abuse to harvard referencer cope with their depression, pain, and fear. Hunchback Of Notre Dame. The goal of assessment is to determine the referencer, prognosis for hunchback dame tropes recovery once she is safe from violence. Drug and alcohol abuse by language approach to reading women makes it easier to see them as bad victims. When drug or alcohol abuse or depression impairs a battered woman, she may be held liable for her partners abuse of the children, an extension of societys stereotype that places mothers in the role of ultimate protector of their children. Just as in cases of father-daughter incest where mothers are sometimes veiwed as complicit, many courts contend that women could have stopped their partners from physically abusing the children (Crites Coker, p. 42). Schechter (cited in Suh, 1989) suggested that victims can put us in touch with our own vulnerability, and some who cant tolerate those feelings find it easier to hunchback of notre turn them into anger at the victim (p. 63).

Practitioners are not immune from these feelings. They may see the woman as passive, uncooperative, and ambivalent rather than as caught between the fear of battering and the agencys requirements for crimson shadow child protection. An innovative program described by hunchback Schechter and Gary (1992) provides advocacy for battered women in democracy and disadvantages a pediatric setting, which is ideal for hunchback helping battered women because they often seek help for their children before seeking it for themselves. A peer advocate works with the woman to help keep her and her children safe. Parents Participation in whole language approach Treatment. If interventions could efficiently and effectively reduce the of notre dame tropes, child abuse potential of whole, either or both parents then custody and of notre dame visitation recommendations could be made based on language, the completion of hunchback of notre tropes, treatment or other interventions. Unfortunately, some interventions used with these cases are ineffective or even hazardous for battered women and their children. For example, the unqualified application of family systems theories and mediation models can be risky. Many of these models assume equal power among family members and equal responsibility for causing family problems.

Abuse is often seen as arising from poor communication or alcoholism. If divorce counselors use such models, battered women and their children may be placed at greater risk for referencer abuse. The patriarchal structure of the family is supported, and of notre dame consequently there is an crimson shadow, increased risk of woman abuse. Furthermore, if conjoint sessions are used, the mother or children may reveal continued abuse or a desire for the father to leave the hunchback of notre dame, family. The family may be left unprotected from the mans rage after the counseling session. Divorce mediators may apply some of these same principles. Walker and Edwall (p. 127-154) concluded that abusive men are unlikely to be able to put their childrens needs ahead of their own. Mediators may believe that they can equalize the power difference, but battered women carry with them a terror that makes them prone to give in.

Also, mediation offers no enforcement of harvard referencer, agreements, and in many states what is revealed to the mediator is not held in confidence. Some mediators seem to provide more safety because they have separate assessment and mediation sessions (Zemmelman, Steinman, Knoblauch, p. 32-37). Magana and Taylor (p. 50-64) provided special training and protocols for mediators and found that separate sessions and protective measures were more likely in the most violent cases.

Out of hunchback of notre, concern for power and safety issues, some states are now exempting battered women from language required mediation. A number of guidelines are available for mediators and judges to help them screen for hunchback of notre dame abuse and decide on a course of action (Crises Coker, 9-13). Innovative treatments to help men who batter end their violence have not been evaluated extensively. Social workers and their clients need to know that recidivism rates after treatment can be fairly high, ranging from democracy advantages about 15 percent to 40 percent more than one year after treatment (Saunders Azar, p. 481-545). Hunchback Tropes. In addition, many men leave treatment prematurely even when they are legally mandated to attend. Also, psychological abuse by many of the men is not reduced after treatment (Saunders Azar, p. 481-545). Treatment programs for men who batter usually do not contain material on parent training. However, many methods of anger management for harvey oswald men who batter are the dame, same as those used to referencer help abusing parents (for example, Schinke, Schilling, Barth, Gilchrist, Maxwell, p. 13-26). Thus, men who batter have the potential for transferring the same skills to their parenting role. There is some evidence that the men have lower child abuse potential after treatment. A study by Stacey and Shupe (p.

64) showed a substantial reduction in actual child abuse by men as reported by their partners. Dame. Problems with Visitation and Joint Custody. Joint custody laws are now in effect in most states to encourage or mandate the a day that will live quote, sharing of parental responsibilities. Joint custody has many advantages when a woman has adequate financial resources and a partner who is nonabusive and supports her as a parent. However, many practitioners are having second thoughts about joint custody because of financial hardships for women and the risk of renewed trauma to dame tropes the children (Geffner Pagelow, p. 151-159). Elkin (p. 18-24) listed the types of parents for whom joint custody is and disadvantages, appropriate. These parents are committed to making joint custody work out of love for their children, are willing and able to negotiate differences, and are able to separate husband and wife roles from parental roles. These are rarely the hunchback tropes, characteristics of domestic violence cases.

Emery and Wyer (p. 472-480) have contended that joint custody is contraindicated when there has been family violence. Elkin (p. 18-24) listed contraindicating factors that often coexist with wife abusefor example, a history of alcohol or other drug dependency, the parents inability to agree on childrearing, and family disorganization. One problem with joint custody is that battered women may agree to it because they are coerced and do not want to look bad in a sole custody trial. Conclusion Recent legislation reflects the growing reservations about joint custody.

Most states now have statutory clauses to take marital violence into account when making custody decisions. It is hoped that such laws will counter the trend that places financial ability and two-parent families as the john, highest standards in awarding custody. Men who batter are likely to win custody with these standards because they usually have higher incomes and remarry sooner than their ex-partners. Joint custody and visitation allow abusers continued contact with their partners. Supervised visitation may provide important father-child contact that prevents idealization of the absent father. It is ironic that women were once told to dame fabricate cruel treatment by their spouses to obtain a divorce, yet today, cruelty to women and children is often not believed, especially mothers charges of child abuse in the midst of will live, a custody dispute. Abuse may be revealed only after separation because the of notre dame tropes, mother feels safer reporting it then, or abuse may start in the years immediately following separation because it is a very stressful time. Many battered women face a catch-22; when the abuse spills over to their children, they may seek shelter or flee to democracy advantages another state, yet they may be punished for of notre tropes doing so. One judge stated that a womans extensive contacts with a battered womans shelter meant that her environment was characterized by self-interest and excessive liberalism (Fredericks, 1986, p. 2). Ayoub, C. C., Grace, P. F., Paradise, J. Harvey Oswald. E., Newberger, E. H. Alleging psychosocial impairment of the accuser to defend oneself against a child abuse allegation. Child and Youth Services, 15 (1991), 191-207.

Bowker L. H., Arbitell, M., McFerron, J. R. On the relationship between wife beating and child abuse. ln K. Yllo M. Bograd (Eds.), Feminist perspectives on wife abuse (pp. 158-175). Hunchback. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage Publications, 1988. Chesler, P. Mothers on trial: The battle for children and custody. Seattle: Seal Press, 1987. Crites, L., Coker, D. What therapists see that judges might miss: A unique guide to crimson shadow custody decisions when spouse abuse is charged. JudgesJournal, 27(2) (1988). 9-13, 40-43. Davis, L. V., Carlson, B. E. Observations of spouse abuse: What happens to hunchback dame tropes the children?

Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 2(3) (1987), 278-291. Elkin, M. Joint custody: Affirming that parents and families are forever. Social Work, 32 (1987), 18-24. Emery, R. E., Wyer, M. M. Divorce mediation. American Psychologist 42(5) (1987), 472-480. Fantuzzo, J. W., Lindquist, C. U. (1990). The effects of observing conjugal violence on children. Journal of Family Violence, 4, 77-94. Geffner, R., Pagelow, M. A Day Will Live Quote. D. Mediation and child custody issues in abusive relationships.

Behavioral Sciences and the Law, 8 (1990), 151-159. Hotaling, G. T., Sugarman, D. B. An analysis of risk markers in husband to of notre dame tropes wife violence: The current state of knowledge. Violence and Victims, 1 (1986), 101-124. Jaffe, P. G., Wolfe, D. A., Wilson, S. K. Children of battered women. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications, 1990. University/College: University of Arkansas System. Type of democracy, paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter. Date: 23 February 2017.

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2006 contest essay 2006 JASNA Essay Contest First Place Winner College/University Division. You Have Shown Yourself Very, Very Different”: Mansfield Park ’s Radically Reserved Heroine. Fanny Price is no Elizabeth Bennet, critic Douglas Murray bemoans of Jane Austens notoriously timid heroine in Mansfield Park but such a claim isnt necessarily so dreadful (or even entirely true) (17). Fanny Prices so-called reserve does not necessarily make her any less powerful a presence than the characters of greater vitality in Austens works. The heroines reserve, or her desire to remain invisible in the text, remains quite radical on the novelists part. Fannys reticence lends her a powerful sense of self worth and of notre leads to her successful act of self-preservation within the Park. Considering the severe humbling a heroine such as Pride and Prejudice s Elizabeth Bennet undergoes at the hands of the patriarchy, Fanny Prices story is as uplifting (and progressive) as a female reader of a day that will live in infamy Austens time could have hoped for: here is an of notre dame tropes Austen novel solely about an individual woman pursuing and achieving her ultimate desires. It is difficult to jump into whole language, a discussion of dame Austens handling of a day will quote Fanny Price without contending with such views as Nina Auerbachs assertion of the silent, stubborn Fanny Price appealing less than any of Austens heroines (446). This negative notion of Fanny Price must be addressed because Mansfield Park is Austens most controversial novel in terms of theme and character portrayal. Critics are generally both fascinated byand often times frustrated with Austens representation of the perceived morally self-righteous Fanny Price. Auerbach claims that this frail, clinging and seemingly passive girl who annoys above all with her shyness is also magnetic. Hunchback Of Notre? [existing] like Frankenstein as a silent censorious pall. Can Achieve Growth By Pursuing Quality? a killjoy, a blighter of ceremoniesit is precisely this opposition to the traditional patterns of romantic comedy that lends her disturbing strength (447-8, my italics). Likewise, Mary Poovey asserts that Austen seeks to control the readers [moral] judgment through the symbolism [of Fannys character]like Mary Shelleys symbolism [of societal isolation] in Frankenstein (222). This parallel between Fanny Price and Frankensteins monster devalues Austens heroine even while making an hunchback of notre dame important point about her power.

Yes, Auerbachs claim of Fannys social isolation leading to a break from whole approach Austens traditional patterns of a socially corrected heroine is true. I argue, however, that Fanny is not the of notre dame malevolent, vengeful monster that Auerbach observes in Media Essay Fannys critique of other characters. Of Notre Dame? Instead, Fannys rejection from conventional male and female spheres in Mansfield Park illustrates Fannys power emanating from her success in finding her own way in a society intent on imposing their will on her. Auerbach claims that Fannys power stems from her anger about her isolation from society while Poovey insists Fannys strength comes from her concern with moral and religious codes of Can Achieve Quality behavior versus other characters ethically-ambiguous actions. I contend, however, that Mansfield s heroine retains a decidedly powerful individual strength of of notre tropes will outside concerns with morality, propriety, or the need for societys approval.

These socially correct ways of being are not Fanny Prices concerns, but Mansfields matriarchy and patriarchys anxieties. Oswald? Austen reveals in of notre dame her fourth novel patriarchys and matriarchys oppressive abuses of power in an atmosphere intent on destroying individual attempts at personal autonomy. By resisting male intrusions, female neglect, and the use of whole her own gaze to direct the texts narration and viewpoint, Fanny eventually succeeds in Mansfield Park . Her sense of self-worth is contingent upon the quality that often labels her as prudish, or less exuberant, than other Austen characters; her clever use of ladylike reserve masks Fanny Prices radical triumph beneath her veil of hunchback dame tropes conservative behavior. As the whole approach novel traces Fannys growth processfrom a young girl to of notre a marriageable womanit also traces the young men and women at Mansfield as they cross all sorts of social and harvey oswald sexual lines through increasingly salacious schemes. The unassuming Fanny Price remains the silent auditor of the hunchback of notre whole, critiquing both matriarchy and patriarchy in the text with her gaze and narration.

By keeping Fanny quiet, or seemingly reserved, Austen gives her heroine a peculiar strength in acting as the sounding-board that allows other characters to reveal their selfishness. Fanny constantly observes mens and womens actions, most notably at her first ballthose veritable meat markets of underlying sexual tension and desperation. In this instance, Austen reveals Fannys indirect narration as she critiques the Media Can Achieve Growth by Pursuing Essay social ideals embodied, here, by Mrs. Hunchback Dame? Norris and whole language approach to reading Mrs. Rushworth: “Mr. Rushworth is never remiss. But dear Maria has such a strict sense of of notre propriety , so much of that true delicacy which one seldom meets with now-a-days” said Mrs. Norris “It is quite delightful to see young people so properly happy, so well-suited” she continued “Miss Julia and Mr. Crawford [too] what is his property? asked Mrs. Crimson Shadow? Rushworth “Very wellFour thousand a year is a pretty estate, and hunchback of notre dame he seems a very genteel, steady young man, so I hope Miss Julia will be very happy” Fanny could listen no farther (83-84, my italics). Crimson Shadow? Without Fannys reserve, or silent speculation, the readers would not be privy to such a conversation.

Ironically, in this text, Fannys detachment makes the hunchback of notre tropes action or, at the very least, provides a central perspective for the action to Media Growth by Pursuing Essay work around. Moreover, Fannys silence during the womens conversation speaks volumes about societys marriage expectations in the text. Mrs. Norris almost fanatically declares Maria has (or is hunchback of notre tropes supposed to have, the dialogue implies) a strict sense of propriety and delicacy as a female. Julia and Growth by Pursuing Henry Crawford, Mrs. Rushworth additionally claims in the dialogue, are so delighted (or they should be) with one another and Crawford has four-thousand a year and hunchback of notre dame tropes seems (operative word) such a genteel young man (which Austen will soon reveal as entirely false). If all these parentheses seem dizzying, then consider it a proper side-effect of the double-meanings and double-plays characterizing the narrative of Mansfield Park . The young men and democracy women present themselves one way in hunchback polite company while remaining more vivacious, or markedly self-interested , away from the Parks authority figures. Fanny, alone, not only whole approach to reading perceives their true characters while remaining consistent throughout, but also asserts her reserved self the same way in public as she does in privateall the while continuing to adhere to of notre dame her own belief system. Fanny Prices interaction with Henry Crawford similarly reveals the heroines seemingly conservative reserve as a successful measure to insure her own sense of self.

While Crawford easily overwhelms the Miss Bertrams, he cannot figure Fanny out. His gaze remains ineffective as well, while her own gaze violently discomforts him, Crawford almost hysterically confessing, I do not understand her why did she draw back and look so grave at me? I was never so long in company with a girl in my life, trying to entertain her, and succeed so ill (157-8, my italics). Henry Crawford remains entirely stumped by whole, Fanny, not to mention insecure about his assumed masculine potency and charm. Fooled by hunchback of notre tropes, what he initially thought of as Fannys reserved plainness, Crawford remains baffled (and rather outdone by) the heroines steady resistance and appraising gaze (158). Crimson Shadow? Much like her resistance to Crawfords deceptive charm, Fannys reserve in tropes Mansfield Park , reveals Austens heroine as literally less to Media Can Achieve by Pursuing Essay look at and almost impossible to display, providing a strange freedom in an Austen text (or, indeed, in hunchback of notre dame tropes Austens society), where the majority of balls and language dinners were staged for visually gratifying men and treating women as commodities in the marriage market.

As Austen writes of Fannys bemused cousins, the Miss Bertrams could not but hold her cheap on finding she had but two sashes, and had never learned French (12). Womens accomplishments for male pleasures were considered such a cultural norm that Fannys cousins remain astounded with her disinterest to please men because it is all they have ever known or have been expected to of notre know about male and female relationships. Lacking female accomplishments and a charming (perhaps calculated ) demureness in regards to courtship rituals and a day that live quote public behavior, Fanny Price can be taken only at face-valueas a true individualaway from hunchback of notre dame womens usual forced posing and crimson shadow primping for hunchback of notre dame tropes men. However, for Mansfield Park s heroine to truly triumph by whole approach to reading, novels end she must overcome her most challenging obstaclethe damaging intrusions of the patriarchy. Her outward reserve properly adheres to safe conservative patriarchal values before the heroine affectively defies what men begin to demand of hunchback Fanny. And this is where Fannys narrative parallelMary Crawfordcomes in. Media? The exuberant Mary Crawford is not so very different from the supposedly timid Fanny Price. Thus, characters of reserve in hunchback dame Austen, particularly Fanny Price, do not remain any less powerful than those of more vitality, especially if these two seemingly opposite characters reveal to have much in common. Whatever the individual reader may think of her penchant for scheming, Mary Crawford remains the only woman in advantages the text to offer Fanny any sort of hunchback of notre protection from mens overwhelming influence. Fanny did not love Miss Crawford but she felt very much obliged to her for her kindness, Austen writes when, during the fiasco of the Lovers Vows stage play performance, Tom Bertam cries, Fanny we want your services you may be as creep mouse as you like, but we must have you to look at Fanny, shocked unwilling (103). Whole Language Approach? Fanny is able to hunchback of notre dame withstand the male gaze more often than other Austen heroines; however, Tom seems quite ready (and able) to force Fanny beyond her own comfort line: only Mary Crawford steps in on her behalf.

Further significant, Fanny Price and Mary Crawford consistently shock men without resorting to the sneakiness and double-plays marking other female characters defiance of the oswald patriarchy in the text. The creep mouse Fanny Price defiesface-to-faceSir Thomass somewhat sinister demands and, further, does so in hunchback tropes much the same way the more outwardly vivacious Mary Crawford repeatedly defies male expectations. Crimson Shadow? I do not catch your meaning, Sir Thomas almost breathlessly responds to of notre tropes Fannys refusal to marry Henry Crawford (213). Refuse Mr. Crawford? There is something in this which my comprehension does not reach you do not quite know your own feelings (214, my italics). Austen readers could very well cheer when Fanny contradicts the advantages patriarch, oh yes, sir, indeed I do his attentions were always what I did not like I could never make him happy, and dame tropes I should be miserable myself (214-17). Austen throws down a gauntlet here, for Fanny knew her own meaning about what she wants or desires (222, my italics). Fanny and Mary each know herself, for Mary acknowledged the Mr.

Bertrams were very fine young men but she had felt an early presentiment that she should like the crimson shadow eldest best. She knew it was her way (35, my italics). Fanny and Mary, particularly when it comes to hunchback of notre how they view men and to reading marriage, know their own meaning, or understand their true selves and personal wishes outside of hunchback dame tropes mens authority. Media Can Achieve By Pursuing Quality Essay? However, while the outrageous and more traditionally engaging character of Mary Crawford is dame cast out of the Park in disgrace, Fanny triumphs and remains at Mansfield. Can Achieve Growth By Pursuing Quality Essay? Unfortunately, the eighteenth-century social ideals embodied by Mansfield Park realistically punish Mary for her outward display of defiance and unladylike behavior. Fanny Prices more subtle, or reserved , rebellion protects the heroine and upholds her power.

Fannys triumphant return to the Park reveals two important suggestions on Austens part. First, on of notre the outside, Fanny Price is everything a proper lady should be for the dictatorial matriarchy and patriarchy of Mansfield Park (and culture at large): she is advantages silent, modest, and malleable. However, as her indirect narration, her gaze, and her resistance to hunchback dame tropes others attempted manipulation of harvard referencer her stresses, she is also a critical thinker and an individual. Dame Tropes? Austen could only realistically maintain her heroines success if she presented Fannys resistance as shaded and obscured, crossing the line of propriety only indirectly. Through her reserve, the so-called drab Fanny Price presents the most defiance by evading easy categorization and repeatedly defying other characters efforts to alter her. The heroine knows how to surviveor, at the very least, strategically straddlethe social worlds which repeatedly attempt to cast her out. Auerbach, Nina. Jane Austens Dangerous Charm: Feeling as One Ought about Fanny Price. Mansfield Park: Norton Critical Edition . New York: W.W.

Norton and Company Inc., 1998. Austen, Jane. Mansfield Park . Ed. Harvey? Claudia Johnson. Hunchback Dame Tropes? New York and democracy and disadvantages London: W.W. Norton Company Inc., 1998. Dame? Murray, Douglas. Spectatorship in Mansfield Park : Looking and Overlooking. Nineteenth-Century Literature 52:1 (1997): 1 Oct. 2005 . Poovey, Mary.

The Proper Lady and the Woman Writer: Ideology as Style in the Works of whole Mary Wollstonecraft, Mary Shelley, and Jane Austen . Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 1984.

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Complete Guide to Writing a Student Resume [13 Tips, Examples] Today’s the day that you’re moving on with your life. It’s graduation day! Cue Pomp and Circumstance and throw that cap in hunchback dame, the air. Congratulations! You’ve made mom and dad proud. Will Quote. But, what’s next? For many of you, graduation is bittersweet.

You’ve finished one chapter of your life, and dame tropes it’s time to start the next. Democracy And Disadvantages. Figuring out where to hunchback of notre start is the hard part. Well, I’ll let you in on a little secret. The best place to harvey oswald start is to learn how to make a student resume. Why? Let me tell you. If I had to guess, I’d say that the hunchback of notre dame, majority of you won’t have some sweet job waiting for you. Even if you have a benevolent fairy godmother and democracy an internship, finding your first job is hard. In fact, most of hunchback dame you will struggle to find any work that meets your expectations.

A lot of fresh graduates find themselves underemployed, trying to pay back loans or make ends meet. That’s why I’ve put together this article for you. Learning how to write a graduate resume now will allow you to advantages find your first job, find your second job, and get you on your career path. It’s a lifelong skill that will get you to where you want to of notre go. And it’s not difficult. Learning how to make a great student resume is as easy as recess. Remember recess?

Yeah, it was fun. Why is Growth, a Strong Student Resume so Important? The current job market is not the hunchback of notre dame, friendliest of places. And that’s pretty much true for everyone. But if you just graduated from college in the States, getting started on your career path is tough. In a study by Accenture, more than half (51%) of recent grads said they feel underemployed and disillusioned with the reality of the job market.

And that’s up 10% from that how grads felt three years ago. Many of dame you are working jobs that don’t use your degree or develop your skill set. That’s bad news. Language. According to dame tropes the American Sociological Review, working a job that’s “beneath you” can look as bad as one year of crimson shadow unemployment on your resume. As for high school students, having no experience and a minimum level of education also makes it hard to hunchback of notre find your first job. For either party, the answer is to learn how to Can Achieve Essay make a strong graduate resume. So, let’s get started. Pro Tip: If you just graduated from high school and plan on attending college, the of notre dame tropes, best thing for you to Media Can Achieve Growth Essay do is to find work with a lot of transferable skills . If you can work a job related to what you want to do, that’s even better. There is nothing wrong with grabbing a random shift at the local grocery store. Of Notre Dame. But when you want to grow up to a day live be a Wizard of hunchback of notre dame Wall Street, you might do better starting off in a bank. Which Resume Format and Layout is Best for Beginners?

For starters, what should your student resume look like? There are three different formats or structures for resumes. The Reverse-chronological Resume Format The Functional or Skills-based Format The Combination Resume Format. All of them cause some problems for students who are trying to Media by Pursuing Essay figure out of notre tropes how to make a student resume. If you want to know more about resume formats, read our article about how to choose the best one . In the meantime, there are a couple of things to keep in mind when selecting a layout for to reading, your student resume.

First, lay out your resume so that it shows off your best assets . Second, try to strike a balance between flexibility and dame tropes adherence to a format . In reality, you can rearrange sections in just about any order that fits your needs. For students, placing your education section before your experience section is crimson shadow, a wise choice. Remember that putting the most important information at the top of your resume is always good practice. Mix Your Skills and Experience To Your Advantage. Let’s say you did have a job during studies. Dame Tropes. Whatever it was - working at McDonald’s, lifeguarding, or babysitting - let’s say it isn’t related to the job you want now. You can format your resume to approach focus on hunchback dame tropes skills that your old posts have in common with the new job . Start by finding the most important skills from the job description . A Day That Will Live In Infamy Quote. Use these as subheadings in your experience section before listing your responsibilities. You are applying for your first teaching position. The job description lists skills like this: Skills/Qualifications: Classroom Management, Verbal Communication, Resolving Conflict, Presentation Skills, Motivating Others, Listening, Collaborative Teaching - K-12, Dealing with Uncertainty, Objectivity, Confidentiality. You worked at McDonald’s during your studies.

What does McDonald’s have to do with teaching? Well, more than you’d think. Select a skill from the hunchback dame tropes, job description that your responsibilities at crimson shadow McDonald’s will reflect. McDonald’s (2003-2005) Swing Manager Motivating Others Responsible for motivating crew members to do well in their current positions so that they can move on to new roles, making them more valuable. You may not have developed the skills they want while in the classroom, but you did develop them. Hunchback. Using skills as subheadings in your experience section can illustrate that point. In the end, the advantages, layout you choose for your resume should meet your needs and prioritize information in the best way for hunchback dame, you. If you want to make things super easy on crimson shadow yourself, you can always consider using a student resume template or a resume builder. Pro Tip: The one thing you should never do is of notre tropes, copy and democracy and disadvantages paste blocks of text from generic, online resume templates. You will want to write your graduate resume yourself and tailor it to your needs if you want to of notre dame tropes get good results.

Five Quick Tips To Keep Your Resume Tidy and Scannable. There are a few student resume tricks that you may think are no-brainers, but it’s always good to refresh. Choose an attractive font that’s easy to read. (Anything that sounds like a Hipster baby name is usually safe. Do a search online to see what’s trendy.) Keep your font size between 10 and 12 points. Whole Language Approach To Reading. Align your content to the left for easy skimming. Hunchback Of Notre Tropes. Strategically use italics, bold, and caps throughout the text. Referencer. Start bullet points with action verbs, make a quantifiable point, and follow up with a task. Let’s say you were a Swing Manager at McDonald’s in high school.

Quantifiable Point: team of up to 15 people. Managed a team of up to 15 people responsible for hunchback tropes, closing the a day will quote, store on hunchback of notre dame tropes weekdays. How to Add Contact Information To a Student Resume. Your contact information is democracy and disadvantages, always going to go at the top of your resume. Hunchback Of Notre. And while this section may seem like the easiest, there are a couple of referencer potential blind spots for students.

Your contact section needs to include the following: Your Name Phone Number Professional Email Social Media Handles (Twitter and LinkedIn) URLs to Personal Websites or Blogs. If you’ve been living in hunchback of notre dame tropes, a dorm or with your parents, you don’t really have an address yet. And that’s okay. If the job you want is out of state, you may want to consider leaving it off your application or graduate resume. If you’re applying for a job in your hometown, it’s okay to Media Can Achieve by Pursuing Quality use mom and dad’s address. Now that you aren’t a student anymore, you need to hook yourself up with a professional email address . Hunchback Of Notre. Don’t use your old student email address if you’ve graduated. And if you’re graduating high school, it’s time to democracy advantages retire that femalebodyinspector@hotmail.com email address you thought was so funny when you were fourteen. Use your name instead - johnsmith@gmail.com - and choose a sophisticated provider like Gmail or Outlook. If you happen to have a website or blog, put the URL on your resume in the contact section. Pro Tip: Only add your professional social media handles.

These could vary for different types of people. Your Twitter handle may be necessary, or perhaps it’s your Instagram profile. Just review your accounts to make sure you’ve taken down any unprofessional content like those pictures of you playing beer pong in a sexy kitten costume from last Halloween. Also, take a moment to double-check that all of your contact information is up to date on your LinkedIn profile and that it matches your physical resume. The Art of Writing a Resume Objective as a Student.

A student resume should start with a resume objective . A long, long time ago in a galaxy far, far away, a resume objective was a statement that you put on hunchback of notre dame tropes your resume telling the and disadvantages, employer what you want from of notre dame tropes a job. Young professional seeking tons of money and a lifetime supply of by Pursuing tacos so I can retire early and sit at home playing Magic: The Gathering. Today, employers want to know if you have what it takes to meet their objectives. Self-motivated Mathematics Graduate with advanced programming skills looking to help build Company XYZ’s homepage. So, a resume objective is one or two lines at the beginning of your resume that state how you are a good fit for the position on hunchback dame tropes offer . To paraphrase President Kennedy, “ Ask not what your company can do for crimson shadow, you, ask what you can do for you company. ” Make the statement targeted and snappy. Dame Tropes. Reflect on what you have already achieved (a degree or a specialized skill), and how you are going to use those achievements to meet the objectives of the company. If you’ve graduated from university, you will want to whole to reading lead with your degree.

For more information about resume objectives and student resume objective samples visit our article on the only way to of notre tropes use resume objectives . You may feel that you’re past the stage where you need a student resume objective. If you’re a budding professional with a well-developed sense of your professional brand, check out our article on writing a resume summary instead. The resume summary is the harvard referencer, sophisticated older brother of the resume objective, and perhaps it’s the of notre tropes, one thing your resume is missing. Education Before Experience - Structure Your College Resume. What do you put next after your resume objective? As I mentioned above, it is often better to put your education section before your experience section . Crimson Shadow. At this point in your life, you’ve probably got more education than experience.

Here is what your education section should include on of notre dame tropes a college resume: Your highest degree first followed by subsequent degrees. The name of each school you attended. Graduation dates or prospective graduation dates. What you studied (major/minor). Optional things include your GPA, which you should only add if it’s impressive, and a description of your course of study. If you have no experience, you can tell the story of what you studied to give the hiring manager an idea of the skills and democracy advantages and disadvantages knowledge you have. University of Dayton (2005-2009) BA in English 3.9 GPA. High school student resume sample: Flowerville High Expected completion date - 2018 Current GPA - 3.7 Student Body President and AP Student.

Pro Tip: If you graduated from university, you don’t need to put the high school you attended on your college resume. Hunchback Of Notre Tropes. If you are in the middle of a degree, write it like this: University of Dayton (2014 - present) Expected to graduate in 2018 with a BA in Psychology. Current GPA - 4.0. You can also list awards and crimson shadow honors you received and any activities you participated in that you find relevant or important.

Experience Sections for Students Who Haven’t Worked. If you’ve had part time jobs before, these go in hunchback of notre, your experience section first. But let’s say you have never, ever worked a day in your life. What goes in john harvey oswald, your experience section? For a student, it’s okay to add internships, roles you had in hunchback of notre, student organizations, practicums (like student teaching experiences), or volunteer work. A Day That In Infamy. It doesn’t matter if these were unpaid positions.

When you list your roles and hunchback of notre responsibilities, focus on the what skills you used that will translate to your new job . Make the experience section work for you even if you have no experience. Check out our article on how to approach prepare a resume to find out more about writing a strong experience section. The Most Desired Skills for hunchback tropes, Student Candidates. The Most Desired Skills for Student Candidates. When deciding what skills to put on a resume, it’s best to add as many from the whole approach, job description as possible. Once you’ve done that, add skills that hiring managers want to hunchback dame tropes see from new college grads.

For example, leadership and the ability to work on referencer a team still rank as the skills hiring managers want to hunchback tropes see the most from you. A 2016 study by the National Association of harvard Colleges and hunchback dame Employers (NACE) shows that 80% of employers are looking for recent college graduates who display leadership skills . So, for a student just starting your college years, it sounds like you should end up as team captain of the girl’s soccer team as soon as possible. The truth is that you should emphasize any leadership role on john harvey oswald your college resume. Were you the president of a two person anime club? Great. Of Notre Dame. Put it on your resume. Here is referencer, a list of the top five skills that hiring managers think are important for of notre dame tropes, a student to have on harvey a graduate resume: Whenever you can prove that you’ve learned these skills, i.e. tie them to an experience, do it.

If you can show how you achieved impressive results by implementing these skills - do it. Hiring managers also said that the attributes that influence their decision the most are: And if it applies to college graduates, logic follows that high school graduates who have the of notre dame, same skills will also do well. Add Extra Sections to Flesh out Your Student Resume. So, you were an honors student involved in a lot of Media Can Achieve Growth Quality Essay student body organizations who won a lot of awards. Great. Hunchback Of Notre Dame. What does that have to do with your graduate resume? For a student, your resume doesn’t need to end when you’ve completed your education, experience, and Quality skills sections. You can add extra sections with additional information to flesh out of notre dame tropes your resume.

It’s a great way to whole show hiring managers that your skills and hunchback of notre tropes experiences were awarded and appreciated by referencer, others. Here are three types of hunchback of notre dame sections you could add to your student resume to make it shine. You could add a separate section if you received quite a few awards in school. You can also add honors and awards to your education section if you received only one or two. If you graduated with Latin honors, such as magna cum laude or summa cum laude , or were the valedictorian or the salutatorian of your graduating class, you can put that in your education section next to your degree. Purdue University 2005 -2009 BA in English Literature - Valedictorian, Magna Cum Laude. Other honors and awards could include: Any academic award or scholarship. Media By Pursuing Quality Essay. Academic Honors - participation in hunchback of notre tropes, an honors program, making the Dean’s List, or acceptance into honors societies (campus, national, or international). Work related awards or honors (these can go in an honors and john harvey awards section or under the relevant job in your experience section). Adding an activities and associations section is good for high school students and for recent college graduates who have little to no experience.

It gives you a chance to show where and how you developed certain skill sets. Pick those activities that reflect the type of hunchback dame work you’ll be doing and illustrate skills you found in the job description. Boy Scouts of America Assistant Scoutmaster 2005 - present Leadership Provide guidance and assistance for whole approach to reading, scouts wishing to achieve a higher rank. Your activities can range from on-campus student body organizations, publications, and clubs to hunchback dame volunteer work, athletics, and other activities off campus. Adding a hobbies and interests section boosts just about any resume. And it’s a super easy section to harvard put on a student resume because you probably have a lot of hobbies and interests beyond your school activities.

The key is matching your hobbies to your future company’s work culture. Here is a handy guide on how to put hobbies and interests on a resume that will help you research your company’s culture and choose the best hobbies for your resume. Edit and of notre Customize Your Resume for a Nice Finish. You wouldn’t turn in will in infamy, a term paper without proofreading it first would you? No! You were a first-class student who never cheated, came to hunchback of notre tropes every class on time, and democracy and disadvantages got straight A’s. You wouldn’t dream of hunchback dame tropes turning in shoddy work. Well, you don’t want to turn in an unedited college resume either. Here’s a quick checklist for that will live, editing your resume:

Edit your resume so that it fits on one page. A student resume should stick to the one-page resume rule . Use an dame tropes, app like Grammarly or Language Tool to proofread your resume. Live Quote. Have a living, breathing person proofread your resume. Get feedback about how you’re selling yourself. Give the file your name when you save it - john_smith_resume.pdf Save and send your resume as a PDF unless otherwise instructed. Don’t Forget to Write a Cover Letter - They Are Still Important. It is still important to include a cover letter with your resume, even if you’ve heard otherwise. The only time it wouldn’t be prudent to include a cover letter is of notre dame tropes, if a hiring manager has explicitly told you not to send one. Need a more in-depth approach to cover letter writing? Here’s our full guide on how to approach to reading write a cover letter that will get you sorted.

Clean the Skeletons Out of Your Online Closet. If you’re a student, you probably don’t remember the hunchback, days before the Media Can Achieve Quality, Internet. That means you’ve probably connected your whole life in some way to the wonderful world online. But what would happen if someone searched for you online? Your various social media accounts may pop up, or perhaps they’d find your blog. But what you don’t want is that stupid Youtube video of you surfacing in search results. Of Notre Tropes. You know, the one where you were drunkenly singing at Essay the Homecoming tailgate party. So how do you do a quick cleanup job of your online presence?

Start by checking the hunchback of notre dame, settings on your social media accounts. You want your LinkedIn profile to be public and your Facebook profile to be private. View your profiles as “ public ” to see what content is visible. Then do a search on your name to see what comes up in the results. For information on how to remove unsavory content from the Internet check out our guide on how to whole language approach to reading clean up your online presence . Just remember, Dorothy, you’re not in school anymore. That means that employers will not appreciate photos that include drugs, alcohol, or nudity. How to Email Your Student Resume To a Hiring Manager. Now that you have a bright and shiny graduate resume, it’s time to tropes send it! If you already know who will read your resume, start by whole language approach to reading, writing an dame, attention-grabbing subject headline.

As a student, it’s a good idea to start by harvard, pitching yourself. Tropes. Try to keep your headline under 60 characters . Subject: Award-winning Yale Med School Grad. You should write a personal email. That means using the hiring manager’s name in the salutation and referring to your knowledge of the company’s culture, competition, and brand in harvard referencer, the body of the hunchback of notre dame tropes, email. Do some research so you can show that your achievements and skills are compatible with what you know about the company. You’re not in school anymore, so you can go ahead and crimson shadow relax your style. Hunchback Of Notre Tropes. Use a natural and likable tone. Don’t be afraid to show who you are. If you don’t know who will read your resume, check out our guide on how to email your resume and how to find a hiring manager’s name and email address. Getting your first job is hard work. Preparing your graduate resume shouldn’t be.

As a student, you’ve got the john harvey oswald, skills and education it takes to do a good job. It’s just harder to convince a hiring manager that you’ve learned to apply them. But if you take the little bit of time and effort to create a strong student resume, you will find that getting that first job isn’t that hard after all. Need more details? Still not sure how to make the perfect student resume? Write us a comment with your problem and we will help you solve it.

Thanks for reading! Natalie is a writer at Uptowork. She loves writing about resumes and eating tacos more than life itself. She spends her free time reading complicated novels and binge watching TV series.

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curatorial essays Christiane Paul, curator. Over the last decade Eduardo Kac has emerged as the figurehead of the artistic practice commonly referred to as bio art. Bio art draws on various fields of contemporary biology, among them plant and animal breeding, cell and hunchback dame tissue culture, the a day will live in infamy quote, synthesis of hunchback of notre tropes, artificial DNA sequences, and transgenic artin Kac words, a new art form based on the expression of synthetic genes in a host organism, or the expression of an existing gene in a different organism. While there is no doubt about a day that will Kac's leading role in this field, his body of work circumscribes a domain that is not easily reduced to of notre, the bio art sphere: from holographic and democracy digital poetry that found its continuation in biopoetry; to fax and slow scan TV telecommunications projects (late '80s and early '90s) that evolved into Internet-based telepresence art (from the hunchback dame tropes, '90s onwards). Biotopes, Lagoglyphs and democracy advantages and disadvantages Transgenic Works takes a wide look at Eduardo Kac's artistic practice and brings together key works and newly produced projects that exemplify the breadth of his approach. The common thread of Kac's artistic creations could be captured by the concept of the encoded nature of life. His work addresses the dame, notion of Media Can Achieve Growth Essay, code in of notre dame tropes poetry (language as sign system), genetics (DNA as a form of sign system) and algorithmic instructions.

At the a day that will live quote, core of Kac's projects lie questions about the encoding or transcoding of communication: communication that takes place on the cell level in tropes all living organisms or between species; communication between sign systems that takes the form of transcoding and remix; encoded exchanges between remote locations via networks that establish telematic connections and telepresence. Together, the will quote, works exhibited in the Oi Futuro exhibition explore these facets of encoded life. One of Kac's signature works, Genesis (1999), metaphorically and literally took the connection between the word and creation as its starting point and expanded its boundaries. For the project, Kac created a synthetic artist's gene by translating a sentence from the biblical book of Genesis Let man have dominion over the fish of the of notre, sea and the fowl of the by Pursuing Quality Essay, air and over every living thing that moves upon the earth into Morse Code, and then converting the Morse Code into DNA base pairs. The synthetic gene is cloned into plasmids, which are transformed into hunchback, bacteria exhibited in a gallery installation, which involves the mutation of the genes. Genesis examines and questions the relationships between multiple contexts, among them biology, belief systems, information technology and ethics. The interplay between these various contexts is produced by the 'writing' and translation of different forms of information that result in the creation of a life form based on code.

At the same time, Kac undermines simplistic readings of that live quote, genetics as a script of life: his projects problematize and explore the complexities of what constitutes life in the age of genetic engineering. The transcoding and transgenic manipulation that was essential to hunchback of notre dame tropes, Genesis finds a more radical and personal expression in a day that quote the Natural History of the of notre tropes, Enigma (2003/08) series, of which several projects are included in the Oi Futuro exhibition. Advantages And Disadvantages? At the center of the series is Edunia , a genetically engineered flower that is a hybrid of Kac's DNA and a Petunia flower. Hunchback Dame? The Edunia expresses Kac's DNA in its red veins, alluding to the shared heritage of the redness of blood and the redness of the plant's veins. Kac isolated DNA derived from his blood and combined it with a promoter that makes the gene express itself in the veins of the plant. The work was developed between 2003 and 2008. The gene that Kac chose for the project is responsible for identifying foreign bodies, usually in order to reject them. The Edunia flower thereby becomes a form of existential play and enigma, integrating the very biological mechanism that normally would identify and reject the other and erasing the boundaries that prevent integration of the whole, building blocks of species. The artist as creator integrates himself into a life form, combining species and questioning existing biological taxonomies. Edunia is an hunchback dame, ontological challenge, at a day that quote, least when it comes to of notre dame tropes, established categories of harvard, being.

The enigma of Edunia is an ontological one; it radically questions which entities exist or can be said to exist and challenges their traditional hierarchical groupings according to similarities and differences. The Natural History of the Enigma series consists of a number of hunchback dame, projects, among them a large-scale public sculpture, as well as a suite of lithographs, prints, and seed packs that are included in the exhibition. Democracy Advantages And Disadvantages? The Edunia Seed Pack Studies , a group of lithographs, alludes to the visual convergence of roots and of notre dame tropes the flowerhead's veins. The lithographs served as studies for the Edunia Seed Packs, hand-made paper objects that contain the that in infamy, Edunia seeds, collectible objects that give their owners the power to grow the of notre tropes, hybrid of artist and whole language to reading flower. Of Notre Dame? A group of approach to reading, lambda prints titled Plantimal shows Edunia flowerheads whose faces all look distinctly different, portraying the flower both as a (non-human) individual and, art-historically, questioning the of notre dame tropes, 'taxonomy' of an artists (self) portrait. What is rushing through the veins of the harvey, Edunia flowerheads is the blood of the artist, transcoded and abstracted in phylogenetic expression. Edunia evokes a long history of art trying to transcend the of notre tropes, boundaries between art and life, turning the artwork into approach to reading, a living being. As Jack Burnham stated in Beyond Modern Sculpture [1],Behind much art extending through the Western tradition exists a yearning to break down the psychic and physical barriers between art and living reality.

In Cocteau's film The Blood of hunchback of notre dame, a Poet an artist sketches a face whose mouth starts to move. He tries to rub out the mouth only to discover that it has been transferred to his hand, which he places over the mouth of a female statue, who starts speaking to him and persuades him into passing through a mirror into a parallel world. While maintaining the metaphorical power of the and disadvantages, blood of the poet/artist who becomes the hunchback, life form, Kac's Edunia illustrates that, through contemporary science and its transcoding of structures of life, we have entered a new era of meaning for both art and life. The writing of crimson shadow, life forms and the do-it-yourself aspect of creating them are at the core of hunchback dame, Cypher (2009), a new artwork by Kac that fuses a sculptural artist's book and a DIY transgenic kit. The stainless steel kit opens up like a book and has the title of the work displayed both on the cover of the kit and the spine of the slipcase. Inside the kit is a minilab with Petri dishes, nutrients, and synthetic DNA, with a poem written by Kac embedded in Media Can Achieve Growth by Pursuing Quality Essay its genetic sequence. When the vieweror reader/writerfollows the transformation protocol outlined in the kit by integrating the synthetic DNA into bacteria, the poem comes to life, making the normally pale bacteria glow red. Once the transformation has been implemented it will become part of the whole bacterial system since each newly reproduced bacterium will contain it.

In Kac's coding of the poem, he fused two systems of writing, pairing alphabetical letters with short DNA sequences by creating a composition with a high occurrence of the fourletters representing the genetic bases CGTA (Cytosine, Guanine, Thymine, Adenine). Poetry and code become integral to each otherto meaning and life, to the verbal and bacterial (sign) systems. Cypher is the artists book as laboratory, fusing sculpture and poetry, technology and biological life, and counteracting Frankensteinian notions of the destructive and monstrous agencies of manipulated life forms. While being literalin its enactment of hunchback of notre dame, words coming to life Cypher never privileges the primary meaning of words, but sustains the poetic and john oswald metaphorical. The art object as living organism takes yet another form in Specimen of hunchback tropes, Secrecy about harvard referencer Marvelous Discoveries , a series of works that Kac describes as biotopes. The biotopes are ecologies of thousands of microorganisms framed in hunchback of notre a transparent casing with earth, water, and other materials.

In this case the artist's process is less an act of harvey, encoding than an of notre, orchestration of the organisms' metabolism through combining them with nutrient-rich media and controlling the energy they receive in Growth Quality order to keep them still or in motion and thus create a living animation. Among Kac's biological works, the biotopes are the ones that most explicitly explore abstract visual form and at the same time redefine and fuse different media. They are living painterly objects that appear to be still images, yet are constantly evolving slow-motion animations generating and never repeating themselves. Hunchback Dame Tropes? Colors and democracy advantages and disadvantages geometric visual forms are responses to the external environment (e.g. temperature and light) and the internal metabolism. The biotopes are more than the sum of their microorganisms. Together, the individual life forms constitute an of notre, artwork as ecology and harvey oswald living system, with behaviors that express themselves in a visual slow-motion animation. As forms they interact with and enable each other's existence in relation to their internal system and the external world. As specimen they enable Marvelous Discoveries of the intrinsic connections between art and life, the natural evolution of forms and abstraction, and hunchback dame the nature of harvey oswald, living forms as a responsive medium in dialogue with the world. The biotopes and transgenic works featured in the exhibition find their counterpart in a series of works that take the concepts of encoding and writing to a more abstract level, exploring relationships between sign and communication systems: the Lagoglyphs . These projects reference and expand what probably is Kac's most well-known work, GFP Bunny , whose first phase was completed in hunchback dame tropes February 2000 with the birth of the fluorescent bunny Alba who glows green when exposed to blue light of a specific frequency. In collaboration with scientists in a lab in France, Kac inserted the fluorescence genes found in the jellyfish Aequorea victoria into a fertilized rabbit egg. Kacs project did not exclusively consist of the creation of a GFP bunnyGFP (Green Fluorescent Protein) research with life forms has been conducted in research labs for quite some timebut in john the transposition of this type of hunchback dame, experiment into oswald, a cultural realm, where it created heated public debates about the ethical implications of genetic manipulation of life forms.

The ongoing controversies and discussions surrounding the project constitute the dame, second phase of the work. As bio art scholar and curator Jens Hauser has put it, the bunny has attained the quasi-planetary iconographic value of a Che Guevara of biotech art.2 The bunny may not exactly function as a revolutionary countercultural symbol, but it certainly challenges common cultural definitions of natural life forms. A major goal of Kac's work is to normalize the other, enable its social integration, and illustrate the consequences of transgenics without easily condemning it. Hauser raises the question whether Alba could or should be considered an democracy advantages and disadvantages, alien. The Lagoglyphs series pick up on the iconographic value of the tropes, rabbit and the notion that certain life forms are alien to us. The Lagoglyphs are a series of artworks, ranging from silkscreen prints to animations, in which Kac creates a visual language and form of writing that he describes as leporimorph or rabbitographic . The Lagoglyphs are pictograms, visual symbols composed of two unitsone green, one blackthat each represent the bunny, yet do not capture or define its concept. The glyphs suggest calligraphy but, as pictographic writing, resist any assigned meaning. Their referent is the john harvey oswald, bunny but their visual signifier (a shape rather than word) is as unstable as their signified (the mental concept or ideational component). They are variable, textured gestures, open to interpretations and create a visual code for a mutable other.

Each medium in which the Lagoglyphs are presented highlights a different quality: while the silkscreens underscore calligraphic aspects in sequential variations, the animations place an emphasis on the generative mutability of writing. The metaphor of communicating and transmitting a sign system to the alien other is taken even further in the Lepus Constellation Suite , five disks that each have a lagoglyphic message on their surface. By means of satellite broadcasting equipment and a parabolic dish antenna these messages were transmitted to the Lepus Constellation (the Gamma Leporis starbelow Orion) from Cape Canaveral, Florida, on of notre tropes March 13, 2009. The constellation is 29 light years away from Earth, which means that Kac's messages would arrive in will the year 2038. In Lepus Constellation Suite , Kac quite literally connects sign systems across the universe: the of notre tropes, lagoglyphic rabbit complex meets the lepus (Latin for live in infamy quote hare) constellation. As sign systems, both reference a rabbit / hare and involve an act of naming that is grounded in hunchback of notre dame physical form, yet remains ungraspable and literally or conceptually out of reachsuspended in whole language approach a 29-year-long act of communication. In this exhibition the transmission of the rabbitographic sign literally reverses the gaze from space back to Earth in the form of a Lagoogleglyph ( Lagoglyph Google Earth ). Inscribed on the roof of Oi Futuro, in Rio de Janeiro, is a pixelated, plotted lagoglyph referencing a rabbit headspecifically made by Kac for the eye of a satellite used by hunchback dame tropes Google. The artist rented the same satellite to a day will live, produce a photograph identical to the kind used in Google Earth.

Lagoogleglyph is potentially visible to hunchback dame tropes, anyone on the planet via Google's geographic search engine, one further step on the bunny's path to quasi-planetary iconographic value as an ambiguous other and engineered, plotted, luminous life form. Together, the Biotopes, Lagoglyphs and Transgenic Works reveal life as a complex sign system in all the (bio)ambiguities emerging from john oswald, multiple acts of transcoding. 2 - Jens Hauser, Genes, genies, genes in: Jens Hauser (ed.), L'Art Biotech , catalog (Nantes, France, Le Lieu Unique, 2003).